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Full text of "The Gordons and Smiths at Minmore, Auchorachan, and Upper Drumin in Glenlivet"

'NATIONAL 

OF SCOTLAND 



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National Library of Scotland 
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National Library of Scotland 



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THE GORDONS AND SMITHS 

AT -MINMORE, AUCHORACHAN, AND 
UPPER DRUMIN IN GLENLIVET. 



JOHN MALCOLM BULLOCH 



PRIVATELY PRINTED 
1910 



AN EXPLANATION. 



It was not without hesitation that my brother and I decided to 
print the Mintnore portion of this record, as, unfortunately, there 
appears to be no written evidence to show relationship between the 
families of Minmore and Auchorachan. That they were related I have 
always understood ever since I knew that there had been Gordons in 
Minmore, though I ought to add explicitly that no one else on either 
side whom I have lately consulted is of that opinion. 

Mr Bulloch's notes show that there was a Harry Gordon of 
Minmore in Auchorachan in 1652, and according to a memorandum 
which my brother made of a conversation with the late Colonel John 
Gordon Smith, one of the Auchorachan Gordons, was in Minmore 
towards the end of the 18th century, These isolated facts, however, 
unsupported by any other information, reveal little. One fragment of 
evidence, very suggestive to my own mind, rises up from the past. 
I remember my mother speaking of the Gordons of Deskie as 
relatives of hers. More than once, whtn I happened to be in Glen- 
livet, I have enquired about these Gordons, and was always told that 
the family formerly in Deskie were Stewarts, not Gordons. My 
mother knew Glenlivet so well that this puzzled me a good deal, until 
Mrs Donald Gordon (whose late husband was one of the Minmore 
Gordons) incidentally mentioned lately that some of the Minmore 
Gordons had been in Deskie, though only for a comparatively short 
time. 

My late brother William, who was very accurate in his statements, 
told me that my mother also frequently spoke of the Gordons of Glen- 
bucket as relatives of hers. But here again no documentary evidence 
is forthcoming. 

Apart, however, from the question of relationship, my brother 
and I feel that the following account of the Minmore Gordons by so 
distinguished a genealogist as Mr Bulloch deserves printing on 
its own merits, as a valuable contribution to Scottish county history 
Our warmest thanks are due to Mr Bulloch for having not only put 
the result of his researches at our disposal, but still more for the 
special trouble he has taken in writing the whole of this record for us 
— the notes signed by me excepted — at a time when he must have 
been overwhelmingly busy with his own important literary work. 

The close connection, too, of this piece of family annals with the 
old house which we have known since our childhood, and in which we 
have spent so many happy days, constitutes an additional reason for 
giving it a permanent record. T. G. K, 

Ringwood, Hants, October 1909. 



C O N T K N T S. 

Pages. 

MINMORE GORDONS 7 " 44 

William I. (alive 1662) 7-13 

Ludovick II. (died 1733) 13 - 14 

William III. (died about 1767) 14-15 

John IV. (died about 1776) 1519 

Major John (son of IV.) 32-44 

William V. (died 1829) 20-31 

AUCHORACHAN GORDONS 45-51 

GORDON SMITH FAMILY 52-57 

INDEX TO PLACES 58 



THE GORDONS IN GLENLIVET. 

rpHE Gordons of (more correctly in) Minraore form part of a 
large group of the house of Gordon in the district of Glenlivet ; 
the name given to the southern part of the parish of Inveravon, which 
runs right across Banffshire, from Aberdeenshire on the south-east to 
Elginshire on the north-west. The group consists broadly of the 
families in Achnarrovv, Auchorachan, Clashnoir, Inchnacape, Lettoch, 
Min more, Mofirsh, Tomnachlaggan, Tomnavoulin, and Tullochallum, 
with Croughly in the adjoining parish of Kirkmichael. 

The associations between Glenlivet and the Gordon family have 
been long and intimate. To begin with, Glenlivet is associated with 
the battle of 1594, in which the Earl of Huntly signally defeated 
Argyll. To this day the Marquis of Huntly bears the title of Lord 
Gordon of Strathavon and Glenlivet, created for his ancestor, the 4th 
Marquis, in 1660 ; and the district belongs to the Duke of JRichmond 
and Gordon. As such, it retains much of the character of feudal 
times. In the Glenlivet district his Grace owns 4275 acres, divided 
into 234 holdings of under 50 acres each, and rented on an average at 
12s 8d an acre. The interesting point brought out before the 
Committee on Small Holdings is that in many cases the families on 
these holdings have been there for "hundreds of years." 

The fact is unfortunate for the genealogist, because it is chiefly 
through land owning, and not mere tenancy, that one can trace a 
family record. Another great obstacle to the family historian is to be 
found in the fact that many of these Glenlivet families are Catholics, 
and consequently they are often unrepresented in the parish register, 
which frequently proved a disability to those men who went soldiering 
and applied to the War Office for pensions. 

The families in the group mentioned differed considerably in 
social importance, some being mere crofters and others farmers on a 
large scale, and some being almost independent of the noble family from 
whom they held their lands. To this set the Gordons who dwelt in 
MimiDre belonged. Unfortunately many of their records were 
destroyed when Drimnin House, in Argyllshire— where the Minmore 
family is naw represented — was burned to the grounl; but we know 
enough from other sources to ba able to piece their history together. 

Minmore Castle is now a ruin, and on the adjoining site stands the 
famous Glenlivet Distillery, belonging to the family of Smith-Grant, 



which combines .three of the Glenlivet groups — the Gordons in 
Minmore, the Gordons in Auchorachan, and the Smiths in Upner 
Drumin. The Smiths are descended from the Auchorachan Gordons, 
and though the blood relationship of the latter with the Minmore 
Gordons is by no means clear, the continuity is asserted in the tenancy 
of the Smith family on the estate of Minmore. 

The three strains — Minmore, Auchorachan, and Upper Drumin— 
are here treated in succession. The facts have been gathered from 
many sources, but special acknowledgement is due to Mrs Skelton, 
the author of " The Gordons Under Arms, ;: in preparation for the 
New Spalding Club; for without her patient research it would have 
been impossible to have pieced together the military careers of the 
Minmore family. For most of the information on the Smith group the 
writer is indebted to Brigade-Surgeon George Grant, and to his 
sister, Mrs Grant Robertson, Ringwood, Hants (the " I.G. K. ' 
of the notes), to both of whom the present little book is due. 
It is an enlarged reprint of a series of articles which appeared 
in the " Huntly Express" (the greatest source of Gordon genealogy) 
between June 1 and July 27, 1906 ; Feb. 14, 1907 ; and Feb. 28, 
March 6, 1908. 



THE GORDONS IN MINMORE. 

^PHE lands of Minmore were tenanted by a family of Gordon, 
for over two centuries — at least from 1632 to 1840, when the 
family of Smith, in Upper Drumin, took up the tenancy. The 
Minmore family is still represented, notably in Mr J. C. Gordon, of 
Drimnin, Argyllshire, but it hr>s ceased t) be connected with the 
country of Glenlivet, the nearest approach to a northern connection 
being in the ancient family, the Gordons of Abergeldie, who owe their 
continuity of Gordon blood in the male line to the family of Minmore. 

The Minmore Gordons trace to the Gordons of Knockespock, in 
the Aberdeenshire parish of Clatt, twenty miles to the north east as 
the crow flies. 

Alexander Gordon of Knockespock, son of William Gordon, who 
was the third son of the famous "Jock" Gordon, of Scurdargue, the 
cousin of the lady who founded the ducal line — married " Ardneedlie's 
daughter, Bailie, Lady Asswanly, with whom," according to the 
Balbithan MS., " he begat four sons and daughters." The second son 
was Mr Alexander Gordon, burgess of Elgin. The burgess married 
Anne Gordon, the laird of Strathavon's daughter, but he also had a 
natural son "gotten with a gentlewoman of the sirname of Stuart, 
called William Gordon of Menmoir." 

This bar sinister had nothing whatever of the stigma attaching to 
it to-day. The ducal line of Richmond itself, owners of Glenlivet, 
are proud of it, and the great majority of the Gordons in the north, 
including Lord Aberdeen's family, trace to "Jock" Gordon of 
Scurdargue, and to his brother, " Tarn," of Ruthven, who were both 
natural sons. 

WILLIAM GORDON, I. IN MINMORE. 

rpHE burgess of Elgin proved that he thought nothing of the 
stigma, for he planted his natural son William in Minmore, and 
by a commonplace irony his legitimate descendants have all vanished, 
while the house of Minmore still flourishes. 

The first reference to Minmore as associated with William 
Gordon occurs in what is believed to be the year 1632. On May 7 
and 8 of a year not actually stated, the Synod of Moray, meeting at 
Elgin, ordered William Gordon " of " Minmore and others to be 
" processit " as " papists " (Cramond's " Synod of Moray," p. 24). 

William must have been a man of some note, for on March 28, 
1635, he was commissioned by the Privy Council to arrest certain 
"broken'' men (including twenty-eight Gordons) who were terrorising 
the country-side in carrying on their fierce vendetta against Crichton 
of Frendraught, for the death of their chief, Lord Huntly's son. 



A few years later, Minmore himself was being hunted by the 
Council. A staunch loyalist, he appeared at the battle of Alford on 
July 2, 1645, at the head of 200 " Straithawine men," and the author 
of " Britane's Distemper" proudly describes him (p. 130) in this connec- 
tion as William Gordon "of Minimore, a waliant gentleman, who 
shew himself a loyal subject of his King, and a faithful and constant 
follouer of the house of Huntly in all their expeditions." He fought 
in the battle accompanied by "three of his sonnes." His bravery, 
however, was not proof against the pressure of the reformers, for, 
according to the same authority, he was captured in 1646 by Middleton's 
Covenanting troops, who sent him to Edinburgh with Gordon of 
Newton, old Leith of Harthill, Captain Mortimer, and Thomas 
Stewart of Drumin. 

Even then his opponents did not feel safe, for Major General 
James Holburn (as quoted in " Analecta Scolica" 1st series, p. 247), 
writes from Fettercairn to the Lord Advocate on April 27, 1647, that 
Minmore and two other officers werj "alse wicked enemies as thir 
kingdom ever had." He goes on to add most significantly : 

Whatevir course you may tak to spare their lives, yitt 
I shall desyre they may never have their liber tie while 
you have war in Scotland : for, besyde their most wicked 
and malignant disposition, they live in such places where 
they have donne and are able to doe, much mischeife ; 
and, they being keept, those places are queyet. 
The general was quite right, for William continued in his ways, 
and on April, 1658, the Synod of Moray ordered that William Gordon "of 
Minniemore" and three women should have the sentence of excom- 
munication against them for " obstinacie in poperie," intimated 
in all the congregations of the province (Cramond's " Synod of 
Moray," p. 125). 

William did more than help his chief with arms. Be lent him 
money, for in November 1632 Lord Gordon wadset to him for £1000 
the easter half of Lettoch, and on May 24, 1647, William Gordon, 
younger of Minmore, and his mother had sasine on Easter Lettoch 
on a charter by Huntly, registered at Banff, May 29, 1647. 

Again, he was one of thirteen gentlemen commissioned on 
December 18, 1662, to carry out the important task of discovering 
what lands, lordships, and others belonging formerly to the Marquis 
of Huntly were possessed by the late Marquis of Argyll for the five 
years preceding his forfeiture, and to report thereupon to the Privy 
Council ("Privy Council Register," 3rd series, vol. i., p. 280). 
William appears twice in the Inveravon parish register : — 

1638, August 2. — William Gordon of Minmore wit- 
nessed the baptism of William, son of Patrick Camronach 
in Minmore and Isobel Gordon, his wife. 



g 

1642, April 17.— William Gordon in [sic] Minmore 

witnessed the baptism of William, son of William Gordon 

in Achnarrow. 

William Gordon is credited by the Balbithan MS. with having 

been twice married to ladies of the family of Grant : (1) Janet Grant, 

whose parentage is not statsd ; and (2) " Grant of Auchorachan's 

daughter." " Elspet Gordon, goodwyff of Minimor," witnessed a 

baptism on April 7, 1640. She seems to be the "gentlewoman 

(spouse to Mr Gordon of Munmore") who, when Huntly was captured 

at Delnabo, December, 1647, took him word to Blairfindy that the 

men of the country would rescue him. ("Illustrious Family of 

Gordon," ii., 546.) The Balbithan MS. assigns him four sons :— 

1. Alexander Gordon. He was born about 1622, for, as 
chamberlain and bailie to the lands of Glenmuick, Glen- 
tanner, Strathaven, and Glenlivet on the Huntly estates, 
he gave evidence in 1662 before the Commission on which 
his father served, to ascertain the value of the lands of 
Aboyne, describing himself then as "about the age of 40 
years: maryed man." He is evidently the Alexander 
Gordon, lawful son of William Gordon, who witnessed 
a baptism in Inveravon on March 16, 1637 : and also the 
Alexander Gordon in Minmore, who witnessed the bap- 
tism of Alexander, son of William McCullie in the 
Corries, and his wife, Catherine Gordon, on March 7, 
1644. As Alexander Gordon, "younger of Minimoire," 
he was one of the large number of Gordons whom 
the Lyons of Muiresk promised (May 5, 1663) not to harm 
("Privy Council Register," 3rd series, vol. i., p. 362), On 
April 15, 1663, he gave a bond of caution not to harm the * <A- 

Lyons. He was, as stated, married, but his wife's name \?f*j£3z*f j 
does not transpire. He had, however, three natural VVj 
daughters, as the Inveravon parish register shows : — *\j *TjJ j-A 

(1) Janet. "Alexander Gordon, Minimor's lawfull 

sonne, his daughter, in fornicatione, baptised Jonet, 

August 14, 1642" : witnesses, Thomas Gordon and 
Agnes Mcintosh. 

(2) Helen. "Alexander Gordon of Minimor had a 
natural daughter, Helen, by Muriel More, baptised," 
August 11, 1644. 

(3) Marjorie. "Alexander Gordon, Minmor, his eldest 
sonne, his naturall daughter gotten with Elspet 
Brabiner, baptised Marjorie," Jan. 11, 1646, "Thomas 
M'Innes, his broyr, in Over Downan, witness." 

2. Captain Patrick Gordon of Laichie, the old Kirk- 
ton of Mortlach, situate on the banks of the Dullan. 
On July 14, 1644, Patrick Gordon, the lawful 
son of William Gordon " of Minimor," witnessed the 
baptism of William, son of Alexander Nelson, mason in 
Minmore, and Marjorie Gordon, on June 13, 1659. Com- 
missioned by the Privy Council, July 14, 1664, to arrest 



10 

rebels, he is called Captain Patrick Gordon. Patrick 
Gordon was clearly a man of mark, for when Colonel 
Ashfield wanted a man to keep guard of those parts of 
Banffshire, lying near the Highlands, "from the incursion 
of those looss people which dayly breake downe upon 
them, doeing great spoile and carrying away much 
goods," he followed the advice of the governor of Bal- 
venie Castle "with the gentlemen in those parts whom 
it most concerines as to securitie" that Captain "Petter" 
Gordon was a man ''fitt and able for that charge." "If 
he be thought soe by them," wrote Ashfield from Aber- 
deen on April 30, 1653, "I supose the rest of the shire 
will not opose : and therefore I desire he may be the 
man imployed in that busines" ("Scottish Notes and 
Queries," vol. ii., 2nd series : pp. 43-4). On May 28, 
1673, Captain Patrick Gordon of "Lequochie" transferred, 
in payment of a debt, to 'Robert Cuming of "Ricklettich," 
the rights in a decreet which he (Gordon) had been 
awarded in an action inithe Sheriff Court of Banff against 
Andrew Rose of Lynemore. Hugh Gordon in Lequochie 
was one of three witnesses to Patrick's warrant that the 
transference 'should be registered in the Books of Council 
and Session (Tarmore Papers : Brit. Mus.). He married 
Jean Gordon of the Cluny family. "Captaine Patrick 
Gordone, sone lawfull to William Gordon of Miniemore, 
as procurator for himself and for Mistres Jeane Gordone, 
his spouse, having . . ane contract and dispositione 
of wodset, of date at Westertoune, 3 June, 1659, granted 
. . . be Johne, Anderson of Ardbreak, with consent of 
James Andersone, his eldest lawfull sone, to the said 
Captain Patrick and Mistres Jeane Gordone ... of 
fourtie bolles victual payable of the nethermost pairt of 
the toune and landes of Argathnie. . . ," received 
sasine from Mr Alexander Anderson, son lawful to the 
said John Anderson (who married Anne Gordon : died 1670). 
William Gordon " off Miniemore" was a witness to the 
contract of wadset. Westertoune, Argathnie, 'and Ardbreck 
lie in the parish of Botriphnie. Captain Patrick had : — 
(1) Captain Charles Gordon "in Pitchaise." He is de- 
scribed in 1692 as "in the Mains of Kirdels," Knock- 
ando. On July 24, 1695, Patrick Nairn of Morinsh 
gave a bond at Carron for £44 to Captain Charles 
Gordon in Kirdels : registered May 11, 1697 ("Elgin 
Commissary Records"). Another notice of him occurs 
in the same records : — "Be it kend to all men be thir 
presents, me, Charles Mitchell, writer in Edinburgh, 
and Jean Blackwood, my spouse, and I, the said Jean 
Blackwood for myself, for my right I have to the 
same underwritten : Forasmuch as upon the 25th day 
of January 1695, there was ane decreit obtained at 
our instance against Captain Charles Gordon, there- 
in described in Pitchash, now in the Mains of 
Kirdels, befor the Commissar of Murrey, decerning 



11 

and ordaining him to content and pay to us the sume 
of £161 19s 3d Scots money as principal 1 contained in 
an subscribed accompt granted be him to me, the 
said Jean Blackwood, therein designed relict of 
George Smellin, merchant burges of Edinburgh, dated 
the 24th of February 1691, years . . we . . . 
constitute . . George Chalmer, toun clerk of 
Elgin, . . our factor . . Edinburgh, November 
8, 1695, before these witnesses — William Gordon and 
William Robertson, writers in Edinburgh." Pitchash 
is in the parish of Inveravon, on the opposite bank 
of the Spey from Mains of Kirdels. On May 
26, 1696, William Gordon, brother to John 
Gordon of JCdintore notes that " grants were 
to have been received from Charles Gordon in Kir- 
dels, the soume of ane hundredth and two merks half 
merk, Scots money, contained in a bond and oblig- 
ment, granted by him as principall to John Cumming 
in Tarmore, Inveravon, as cautioner : and therefore 
I, the said William Gordon, simpliciter, discharges 
the said Charles Gordon," Keith, September 2, 1696 : 
registered September 7, 1696. Charles shifted about, 
for in August 1699 he is described as "of Auchinhar- 
roch, now of Abergeldie" (Commissary Court Books 
of Moray). It has been stated, with no very clear 
proof, that he was captain and adjutant of the Scots 
Guards in 1688. Robert Gordon, Kirdels, is one 
of the witnesses ("Elgin Commissary Records"). By 
1698, Charles Gordon married Rachel Gordon, the 
heiress of Abergeldie, Aberdeenshire, and founded 
the existing Abergeldie line, perhaps the oldest land- 
owning Gordon family in Aberdeenshire. He was 
made a Commissioner of Supply in 1704, and built 
the house of Birkhall in 1715. He had three sons 
(" House of Gordon "; (93)-(110), the eldest being :— 

Peter Gordon, XI. of Abergeldie Cdied 1733), who 
was three times married, and had : — 
Charles, XII. of Abergeldie (died 1796), who 
had seven sons, including : — 

Peter Gordon, XIII. of Abergeldie (1751- 
1819). 

David Gordon, XIV. of Abergeldie (1753- 
1831). He was the father of : — 
Michael Francis Gordon, XV. of Aber- 
geldie (1792-1860). 
Robert Gordon, XVI. of Abergeldie 
(1796-1869). 

Adam Gordon (1801-1839), who was the 
father of : — 
Hugh Mackav Gordon, XVII. of 
Abergeldie (1826-1901). 



12 

Lewis Gordon, XVIII. of Aber- 
geldie (1828-1903), father of : — 
Eeginald Hugh Lyall Gordon, 
XIX. of Abergeldie, born 
1863. 

(2) 1 Captain Alexander Gordon. On March 6, 1699, 
Gethrad Abraham, spouse of Captain Alexander Gor- 
don of Leachie, gotisasine in liferent, and George and 
Patrick Gordon, her sons, in fee of the lands of 
Leachie, Tomnan, Tomnamind, and others ("Banff 
shire Sasine"). This Alexander may have been the 
son or the brother of Captain Patrick Gordon of 
Leachie. The name of his wife seems to be Dutch : 
so he may have been in the Scots Brigade in Hol- 
land, though this, of course, is all pure guesswork. 

(3) 1 Gordon, daughter. According to the Brouch- 

dearg MS., John Farquharson of Inverey, the famous 
Black Colonel, married a daughter of "Leacachy." 
She is called Mary in the "Braes of Mar." Accord- 
ing to the Boharm Register, a Margaret Gordon mar- 
ried John Farquharson of Inverey, November 18, 
1670. The fact that she had her son baptised (May 
2, 1672) Patrick is suggestive of Captain Patrick Gor- 
don of "Leachie" having been her father (or 
brother?). 

3. Harry Gordon. He married Margaret Stewart. There 
was recorded at Elgin on June 16, 1653, a contract matri- 
monial "at Tombreakachie, 7 May 1652, between Robert 
Stewart of Nevie and Arthur Stewart, his eldest lawful! 
sone, for Margaret Stewart, the said Robert Stewart, his 
lawfull dochter, on one part, and William Gordon of 
Minmore and Alexander Gordon, his eldest lawfull sone, 
for Harrie Gordon, sone lawfull to the said William Gor- 
don, on the other part [for Harry and Margaret] : before 
thir witnesses — Thomas Stewart of Drumine, John Grant 
of Blairfindie, Patrick Gordone, sone lawfull to said 
William Gordon of Minmore, Thomas Stewart in Tom- 
breakachie, and Robert Stewart, sone lawfull to Robert 
Stewart of Nevie." On June 14, 1652, "Harie Gordone 
in Auchorachan," gives a bond for £100 to his "father- 
in-law, Robert Stewart of Nevie, and on December 8, 
1655, Robert Stewart of Nevie grants receipt of said £100 
from "Harrie Gordon in Nevie." Harry and his wife 
Margaret had apparently been on friendly terms before 
their marriage, for the Inveravon parish register records 
under date July 15, 1645 : — "Herie Gordon, sonne lawfull 
to William Gordon of Minimore, his n[atu]rall sonne 
gotten in fornica[ti]one with Margaret Stewart in Nevie, 
baptised James : Mr James Cuming in Thomore, Alex- 
ander Gordon in Minimor, p[rese]nter of the child in 
absen of the fayr, witnesses." Whether Harry was the 
progenitor of the Gordons in Auchorachan of a later date 
is not clear. 



13 

4 John Gordon (Balbithan MS.). 

5. William Gordon. The William Gordon, younger of 
Minmore, mentioned in a sasine of 1647, may have been 
the son of the second marriage, though he is not men- 
tioned in the Balbithan MS. 

6. Isobel Gordon married John Leslie of Parkbeg, in Mort- 
lach, son of John Leslie of Aberlour (Macfarlane's "Gen- 
ealogical Collections"). 

William Gordon I. of Minmore seems to have died in 1674, for 
the Mortlach Session record notes, under date September 20, 1674 : 
— "John Leslie [probably in Parkbeg], having borrowed the Mortcloth 
to Minimoir, and not being a parishioner, did promise to pay a 
rex dolor." 

LUDOVICK GORDON, II. IN MINMORE. 
Died in 1733. 
nPHERE is a difficulty with William's successor, for it is not 
clear in what relationship the next laird we hear of, Ludovick 
Gordon, stood to him. He seems to have been the grandson of 
William I., or perhaps the great grandson, the son of the latter's elder 
son Alexander, for an Alexander Gordon " of Minmore" witnessed 
the baptism of Alexander Catanach, the boatman of Cromdale, on 
March 3, 1716. (Cromdale Register.) It is most unlikely that 
he was the son of William, " younger of Minmore," who had 
sasine of Easter Lettoch in 1647, and who discharged the Lettoch 
wadset in 1683 ; but a Ludovick Gordon got sasine in Minmore in 
1676, so that this particular William seems not to be Ludovick's 
father. 

This Ludovick had a brother William, mentioned in 1676, who 
seems to be the William Gordon," lawful son to the deceast Minimor," 
and who witnessed, on February 4, 1692, a disposition of 1000 merks 
by Robert Grant of Del more to his spouse, Barbara Leslie, at Del- 
more, January 21, 1692 : registered February 4, 1692 (Elgin Com- 
missary Record.) All this is very fragmentary, but we know some 
definite facts about Ludovick Gordon, as follows : — 

1676, November 29. — "Ludwick Gordon of Minimoir" 
had sasine on the lands of Minmore (Banffshire sasines). 

1681. — Bond for 100 merks by Lodovick Gordone of 
Minmore to William Mackphersone and Patrick Mack- 
phersone, alias Mackullie, in Wester Corie. Signed at 
Minmore, December 6, 1681, before witnesses William 
Gordon of Dunnoone and William Gordon, brother ger- 
man to the said Lodovick : recorded April 17, 1693 
(Elgin Commissary Records). 

1693, February 13. — Ludovick Gordon of Minmore 
had sasine on the lands of Over Dunan (Banffshire sas- 
ines). 



14 

1696, June 1. — Bond for 400 merks by Patrick Nairne 
of Morinch (with Ludovick Gordon of Minmore as cau- 
tioner) to William Grant, chamberlain of Knockando. 
Mcrinch, June 11, 1692 (Elgin Commissary Records). 

1699, October. — Ludovick Gordon "of Minimore" 
signed a bond for the peaceable behaviour of his men 
(seven in number), who included his own son William 
and a William Gordon in Upperdunan (Allardyce's "His- 
torical Papers," p. 18). 

1700, November 5. — Renunciation of feu ferm of Min- 
more, by Lodvick Gordone of Minmore ; also renuncia- 
tion and grant of redemption of lands of Over Dunan, 
by the same ; both in favour of Duke of Gordon (Banff- 
shire sasines). 

1700, December 20. — Lodvick Gordon of Muniemore 
and William Gordon, his son, had sasine of the lands of 
Minmore (Banffshire sasines). 

1712, July 22. — Elspet Gordon in Dounan had sasine 

of the annual rent of 8C0 merks out of the oxgate of 

Dounan. 

The name of Ludovick's wife is unknown. She may have been 

Helen Grant (daughter of Robert Grant of Tombreakachie), who on 

May 1, 1683, got sasine in liferent on Minmore. Ludovick, at anyrate 

had a son who succeeded him. 

William Gordon, III. in Minmore. 

Ludovick died in 1733, for on June 1, 1733, -C3 was paid for 
the mortcloth to Lewis Gordon, Minmore (Aberlour Parish Register). 

WILLIAM GORDON, III. IN MINMORE. 

Died about 1767. 
XXE was the son of the second holder of Minmore, but very 
little is known about him. 

1725, May 13. — William Gordon of Minmore was one 
of the witnesses to the Duke of Gordon's bond in favour 
of William MacWilliam, eldest lawful son of Duncan 
MacWilliam in Corries for 5000 merks : subscribed at 
Gordon Castle (Banff Sasine Register). 

1732. — In this year the name of William Gordon "of 
Minmore" appears in a list of persons owing rent for 
grazing in the parks of Badeglassan and Pitchaish. His 
debt amounted to £4 10s (Ballindalloch estate accounts 
in the Tarmore papers, Ms. Department, British Mus.). 

1732, January 19.— The sum of £6 14s 4d was paid to 
William Gordon of Minmore for a boll and a peck of 
victual, with the straw furnished by him to William 
Grant of Blairfindy for maintaining Grant's horse (ibid.). 

1737, February 25.— William Gordon of Minmflre and 
Margaret Stuart, his spouse, had sasine on Milnlands of 
Refroish (Banffshire sasines). 



15 

1759, February 1. — William Gordon of Minmore and 
Patrick Grant of Nevie are mentioned under this date. 
William (Jordon is stated to have married Margaret Stewart, by 
whom be had 

1. John Gordon in Minmore. 

2. Anselm? In the catalogue of the students at Ratisbon 
there occurs a reference to " F. Anselmus Gordon, rilius 
Wilhelmi de Minmore." He was bom February 16, 1721. 
He began philosophy under the Dominicans and theology 
in October 1739, under the same teachers. 

William seems to have died in or about the year 1767. 

JOHN GOEDON, IV. IN MINMORE. 

Died about 1776. 

TTE was the eldest son of William Gordon in Minmore, to whom 
he was served heir August 24, 1767. He was a captain in the 
Jacobite army, and commanded Prince Charlie's bodyguard at 
Culloden. According to the official return of the rebels, he had 
"behaved discreetly and protected the houses of Sir Harry Innes and 
several ministers." 

The following are the dry facts of his land transactions : - 

1757, September 24. — John Gordon, yr. of Minmore, 
is mentioned in a document of this date as acting as an 
arbiter (Elgin Commissary Record). 

1767, December 8. — Sasine was presented in favour 
of John Gordon of Minmore as heir to his father, William 
Gordon of Minmore, in all and haill the town and lands 
of Minmore extending to eight oxgate lands ; proceeding 
upon a precept of clare constat granted by the Duke of 
Gordon. Sasine was also presented in his favour on four 
oxgate lands of Downan, proceeding on a precept of clare 
constat granted by Elspet Grant, his spouse, to John 
Grant in Downan with consent of her husband (Banff- 
shire sasines). 

1767, December 26. — He renounced the lands of Min- 
more and DoAvnan in favour of the Duke of Gordon. On 
September 24, 1771, George Gordon of Gight had sasine 
on Minmore (Banffshire sasines). 
He is probably the John Gordon in Alinmore, for whose mortcloth 
18s was paid on August 11, 1776. Simila* sums were paid on 
December , 1772, and February 18, 1776, for mortcloths to Min- 
more's wife, whi<:h looks as if he had been twice married. He had: — 

1. William Gordon of Minmore. 

2. Lewis Gordon. He started his career as a soldier. In 
a return to the War Office in 1828, he states that he en- 
tered the army in 1782 at the age of 15 (which would 
make 1767 his birth year) as an ensign in the Northern 
Fencible Highlanders. The regiment was disbanded in 



16 

1783, but no half-pay was given to the officers. He then 
served as a private in the 1st Volunteer Corps formed 
in Scotland, at Edinburgh, from August 1794-March 1797. 
He is stated to have been appointed an ensign in the 1st 
Strathspey Fencibles, February 13, 1796 ("London 
Gazette," p. 163). In his own return he states that he 
was appointed lieutenant in the Edinburgh Royal High- 
land Volunteers, March 10, 1797, receiving no pay, for 
the officers' pay was spent on clothing the rank and 
file. He became captain and adjutant on August 31 (or 
September 9), 1797, at 3s 9d a day (again spent on cloth- 
ing for the men) : resigning in August 1801. The regi- 
ment was disbanded in 1802 on the Peace of Amiens. On 
November 19, 1801, he was appointed ensign of the 8th 
West India Regiment, and purchased a lieutenancy in 
the 35th Foot, May 27, 1802, being placed on half-pay, 
October 25, 1802, upon the reduction of the 2nd battalion. 
In June 1803, the Highland (Edinburgh) Volunteer Regi- 
ment was re-established, and he was appointed captain. 
He then became major of the 1st or Highland Edinburgh 
Local Militia, March 23, 1809 : it was disbanded in 1814. 
All this time he had been associated with the Highland 
and Agricultural Society of Scotland, the service of which 
he entered in 1792 (Ramsay's " History of the Society,'' pp. 
520-1). In 1795, he was appointed depute-secretary, and 
was admitted a member of the Society in 1799. On 
March 22, 1820, he wrote a letter to E.L. Snee, secretar;/ 
to the Society for Bettering the Condition of the Poor, 
London, as follows (British Museum, Add. MSS., 35.652, 
f. 337): — "In compliance with the wish of the committee 
of the Society for Bettering the Condition of the Poor, 
expressed in your letter of 17th inst., addressed to Mi' 
Macdonald, I beg to annex a list of the local agricultural 
societies which have been formed in Scotland, so far as 
known to me. It is possible there may be a few other 
farmer clubs recently instituted, of the formation of 
which the Highland Society of Scotland have not as yet 
been apprised. It will afford me peculiar satisfaction if 
I can at any time, in the least degree to promote the 
highly important and humane objects of your Society." 
Ill-health compelled him to relinquish his post in 1821. 
During his term of office he "discharged the varied offi- 
cial duties of the situations he filled in such a mannr- 
as to merit the uniform approbation of every member of 
the Society. Few officers, in like situations, have evi- 
denced so much zeal, united with so sound a discretion, 
in the exercise of their official duties as 
Mr Gordon " : and when the state of his 
health obliged him to retire "to the country," 
the directors recorded a vote of thanks to him 
and presented him with a piece of plate valued at £60. 
He took up his residence in Aberdeen, and died there 
unmarried on January 23, 1839, at the age of 72, and the 



17 

directors of the Society recorded in their minutes "the 
deep sense entertained of the great zeal, assiduity, and 
attention uniformly evinced by him during the long period 
of his connection with the Society, which it was known 
to several directors present had contributed in no incon- 
siderable degree to the extension of the numbers and 
usefulness of the Society." He is commemorated by a 
stone in the Roman Catholic Chapel at Tombae. 

3. John Gordon, major in the army, died 1819. I treat him 
separately. 

4. Harry Gordon, said to be a major in the army. He is 
not, however, identifiable in War Office records. 

5. Sarah Gordon : married Reid, Aberdeen, and had : — 

(1) Henry Reid, major in the English army. "He was 
one of those who formed the Body-guard of Louis 
XVIII. during Waterloo" (Information from Miss 
Katherine M'Cann Gordon). 

(2) Reid : married at Edinburgh, August 1, 1809, 

John Gordon (1783-1831), younger son of William 
Gordon in Lettoch. John Gordon was a wine mer- 
chant at Gibraltar. He had the following issue : — 
i. William Robert Gordon : born September 24, 
1812. On the death of his father in 1817, he and 
his sister were sent home from Gibraltar to Aber- 
deen, where they were taken charge of by their 
grandmother, Mrs Reid. He was educated at 
the Grammar School and Marischal College, 
where he was a Bajan and Semi in 1825-7. He 
was apprenticed to a firm of solicitors at Aber- 
deen, and in July 1833, started business for him- 
self at Keith. He was appointed Procurator- 
Fiscal of Banffshire, January 1842 (removing to 
Banff), and held the appointment until May 1879. 
During this period he prosecuted in upwards 
of 2000 criminal indictments, and there was only 
one libel which was not sustained, on the ground 
of relevancy or regularity of form, while convic- 
tions on the merits were obtained in at least 99 
cases in a hundred. About 1850 he joined forces 
with Mr Cameron, Elgin, afterwards with Mr 
Alexander Watt, and finally with his own son 
Clement. On the occasion of his retirement from 
practice in 1879 he was entertained at dinner by 
the members of the Banffshire Society of Solici- 
tors. For some years after his retirement he 
resided at Elgin, and ultimately went to Edin- 
burgh, where he died October 16, 1898. He was 
four times married : (1) in 1837 to Margaret, 
second daughter of James George, Haughs, 
Keith (who ran the Keith Brewery) — she died 
leaving two sons and two daughters : (2) to Clem- 
entina Grigor, sister of Dr John Grigor, Nairn — 



18 

she survived only two years, leaving a son, 
Clement : (3) to Elizabeth Birks, his children's 
governess, who died twenty-two years later, leav- 
ing two children : (4) to Clarissa, daughter of 
James Hutchison of Springfield, and widow of 
James Gordon, corn factor, Inverness (by whom 
she had Forrester Hutchison Gordon, marine 
engineer, Glasgow, and James Gordon, solicitor, 
Peterhead). Mr W. R. Gordon had issue by his 
first three wives, as follows : — 
(i.) James John Gordon (by first marriage) took 
the degree of Doctor of Law at Edinburgh 
University in 1859, and became a solicitor in 
Banff. He wrote "A Treatise on the Prac- 
tice of the Criminal Law in Scotland," 
written for and dedicated to the University 
of Leipzig, June 30, 1868 : printed at the 
"Banffshire Journal" Office (29 pp.). He was 
one of the Procurators for the Poor of Banff- 
shire, and died unmarried (in England 1 ) 
(ii.) Harry Gordon (by first marriage). He is 

on a ranch in Australia, 
(iii.) Clement William Robert Gordon (by the 
second marriage, through which he heired 
some of the Grigor money). He was a soli- 
citor, succeeding his father, whom he prede- 
ceased, dying at York, Dec. 1, 1897, He was 
twice married — (1) to Isabella Gilzean, 
daughter of James Petrie, solicitor, and bank 
agent, Dufftown : (2) Mary Josephine, daugh- 
ter of Colonel Michie Forbes Gordon, 
H.E.I.C., of the Minmore family. He had— 

a. Clement Grigor Gordon (by first mar- 
riage), solicitor in Nanango, Queensland. 

b. Ludovick Francis Joseph Gordon (by 
second marriage), born December 10, 
1881. Apprenticed to a civil engineer in 
Inverness, he is now in Queensland. 

c. Alastair Gordon, born May 8, 1888 : now 
in (Queensland. 

d. Hilda Mary Stewart Gordon, born May 
13, 1880. 

e. Beatrice Gertrude Gordon, born Sept. 
13, 1883. 

f. Mary Angela Gordon, born Mary 31, 1885. 

g. Dorothea Marv Josephine Gordon, born 
April 4, 1890. 

(iv.) Francis Gordon (by the third marriage). 

He was delicate and died young. He was to 

have been an architect, 
(v.) Louisa Gordon (by the first marriage) died 

May 31, 1904. She married George Gordon 



19 

(1832-1908), land surveyor, Tullochallum, 
Morfclach, afterwards of Edinburgh. He be- 
longed to the Gordons in Achnarrow, Inver- 
avon, who had been connected with that farm 
for generations. About the end of the seven- 
teenth century they moved to the farm of 
Upper Clochan in the Enzie. Mr Gordon's 
grandfather, John, succeeded a maternal uncle 
in the farm of Tullochallum in Mortlach in 
1771, where he also had the hill grazings of 
Culraggie, which extended to the march with 
Inchnacape at the water-shed between Glen- 
livet and Tomintoul. Mr Gordon had : — 

a. Alexander William Gordon, surveyor, 
Inverness. He is married to Margaret, 
daughter of Andrew Macdonald, Sheriff- 
Clerk, Inverness, and has a son George. 

b. Henry Gordon, C.E., South Africa. He 
is married, and has a son George. 

c. Daughter : unmarried. 

(vi.) Mary : married James Brand (eldest son 
of Charles Brand, railway contractor, Glas- 
gow). Mr Brand, who died on January 1, 
1909, aged 77, had six sons and five daughters 
("Book of Robert Burns," iii., 27-8). The 
sons were : — 

a. Charles Joseph Brand. 

b. James Gordon Brand. 

c. Henry Francis Brand. 

d. William Robert Joseph Brand. 

e. David Guthrie Brand. 

f. Clement Ignatius Brand. 

(vii.) Gertrude Gordon (by third marriage). 

ii. Louisa Gordon : died unmarried. 

iii. Mary Anne : married at Aberdeen, October 1, 
1839, to Donald Gordon Stuart, Liverpool, whom 
she predeceased. She died October 8, 1855, aged 
39. He was the son of William Gordon of Inch- 
cape : then of Scalan and then of Back Street, 
Keith, by Margaret, sister of James Stuart of 
Lower Thames Street, and he adopted the name 
of Gordon. (Stuart's brother Gabriel was the 
great-grandfather of Sir John Knill, now Lord 
Mayor of London). They had no issue. 

6. Margaret Gordon : married Alexander McNab of Wester- 
ton, Aberdeenshire, and had issue. A Margaret Gordon, 
who married Alexander McNab, died February 8, 1844, 
aged 77, and was buried in the Snow Churchyard, Old 
Aberdeen. 



20 

WILLIAM GORDON, V. IN MINMORE. 

Died 1829. 

rpHE eldest son of John Gordon, IV. in Minmore, he began 
his career soldiering, getting a commission in the Northern 
Fencibles (1778-1783), the aeoond of the four regiments raised by the 
Duke of Gordon. He entered as an ensign in the Northern Fencibles, 
September 26, 1778, enlisting two men for service in the regiment- 
He seems to have resigned his commission on April 16, 1780, on 
account of his private affairs. 

According to a statement made by himself in 1796, he had no 
idea after the reduction of the Fencibles of serving in the army, but 
the " London Gazette " seems to indicate that he had connection with 
the 81st Aberdeenshire Highlanders as lieutenant in February 1780, 
and later with the 133rd Regiment. 

His military ambition was rekindled by the raising of the Gordon 
Highlanders, for which Lord Huntly got letters of service on February 
10, 1794. Seven days later, John Gordon, Coynachie, wrote from 
Tullich to John Menzies, the Duke of Gordon's factotum at Gordon 
Castle : " If Minmore apply for any commission and it is thought 
necessary to appoint one in the country for the sake of recruiting, he 
will have the best success." Minmore duly applied, and was appointed 
on the usual terms ; his commission as lieutenant being dated 1795. 
His connection with the regiment was not a conspicuous success. To 
begin with, " owing to his living in a remote part of the country, and 
the irregularity of the posts, he received his commission at a time 
when a greater part of the other officers had made considerable pro- 
gress in recruiting." Then there was trouble about the payment of 
his recruits ; his health gave way, and his brother John got into 
arrears with his rent and left the country. 

He found much difficulty in getting recruits at all. Thus on 
November 1, 1795, he wrote to Menzies : — 

I cannot say with propriety that I can boast of my 
success in recruiting since I came to the country. I be- 
lieve that no bribe will induce men to enlist just now, 
but I expect to get a few in the course of the winter. 

Just a year later, (November 25, 1796) he wrote from Edinburgh 
informing the Marquis of Huntly of his inability to join owing to 
ill-health. The Marquis sent a rather stiff reply, intimating that no 
excuse would be sustained, either for Gordon's not joining the regiment 
without delay, or for getting out on half-pay. If either of these 
alternatives was not adopted, Gordon would be superseded in justice 
to the other officers, on account of the daily complaints from the men 
(whom Gordon brought to the regiment) that they had not been settled 



21 

with. The Marquis therefore hoped that Gordon would write 
immediately to the paymaster to settle with the men for all just 
demands, thereby removing all future clamour. 

Gordon thereupon sent a memorial to the Marquis, dated Edinburgh, 
December 3, 1796, covering seven foolscap pages, and running into 
over 2500 words. He maintained that the reports sent by the recruits 
were unfounded. He declared that every penny of the bounty and 
subsistence of his men were regularly paid to them previous to their 
leaving the country. He admits that two of his recruits, William 
Gordon and Peter Gordon (the nephews of one Stewart), were enlisted 
on a different footing, as they were good men. He offered William 
20 guineas, and his brother Peter 25 guineas, but William insisted 
upon being made a sergeant ; failing which the lieutenant was liable 
to him for sergeant's pay, deducting what he should receive from the 
regiment. Peter demanded a shilling a day, as that had been offered 
to him on behalf of Colonel Hay's recruiters. The lieutenant agreed 
to these terms, in the hopes that Huntly would appoint one of them 
sergeant, and he employed William Gordon in that capacity on 
recruiting service, giving him a sergeant's pay until he joined at Fort- 
George, after which the lieutenant had no opportunity of seeing him. 
As a matter of fact, Huntly made him a corporal, but owing to misbe- 
haviour William was reduced to the ranks while the regiment was at 
Southampton. The lieutenant further maintains that he had paid £5 
sterling to Mr Allan at Huntly in satisfaction of a debt due by Gordon. 
When the regiment was at Gibraltar, Gordon wanted him to pay 
another sum of £10, due to a merchant in Aberdeen, which he agreed 
to do on getting particulars, but these were not forwarded. In regard 
to Peter, the lieutenant gave him 3 guineas before he left the country 
as payment of threepence three farthings a day of deficiency for which 
the memorialist was liable to him. He would have done so regularly 
if he had been with the regiment. As it was, he had written Captain 
Gordon of Coyuiachie to settle with the two Gordons in the best way 
he could, trying in the first place to get one of them promoted, and in 
the second place to commute the bargain ; and he was unaware, except 
from gossip, that this had not been done. 

Another case was that of a recruit named Johnstone, enlisted in 
Edinburgh on a 10 guineas bounty, five of which were to be paid 
at the time and five later on, but owing to a misunderstanding the 
second portion had not paid. In the case of a third man, named Innes, 
the lieutenant said that he had rather too much money, and suspecting 
that his pockets would be picked, Innes gave Gordon back a guinea of 
his bounty for safety's sake, which Gordon had paid to the recruit's 
father. He proceeded to declare : — ■ 

Having stated this much in regard to the supposed 
complaints of the recruits, which the memorialist will 



22 

not hesitate to say one of them would never have had 
occasion, nor would they have attempted to make, had 
he been on the spot and whose conduct in making such 
in the circumstances above mentioned the memorialist 
shall not say a single word, further than leaving it with 
the Marquis of Huntly, whose candour and liberality will 
not allow him to form an opinion against any person, at 
least without hearing him. 

The memorialist shall now proceed to notice what he 
has hinted above as having been reported to the Marquis, 
namely, that the severe indisposition which he has had 
the misfoi'tune to labour under these ten months past 
was rather pretended than real. The memorialist must 
confess that his feelings hardly permit him to write or 
speak upon this point with coolness or precision, such 
an insinuation being so inconsistent with and derogatory 
from the conduct and character of a gentleman. But he 
is happy to say that, independent altogether of the testi- 
mony which the medical men, whose assistance he had, 
have bore to the fact, it was well known and notorious 
in the country round that for a considerable part of that 
period the memorialist was unable to rise out of his bed 
or put on his cloaths without assistance ; and, tho', when 
he became a little stronger, moderate exercise, such as 
riding on horseback, and in this way making short excur- 
sions from home, was recommended to him, yet the mem- 
orialist was then, and he is sorry to say does still con- 
tinue, in a very low way ; and the memorialist will only 
add on this subject that, if any person was so malicious 
as to insinuate such a thing to the Marquis of Huntly, 
they were paying as little compliment to the integrity 
and skill of the medical gentlemen whose certificates he 
had procured, as they were to the memorialist's own 
character. 

But were it all to be supposed that the memorialist 
could be capable of such loose conduct as that which is 
above alluded to, it would have been more likely that on 
the occasion of his being ordered to join in November 
1795 [sic], that he would have made the excuse of bad 
health ; but it is well known to everybody concerned that 
no such excuse was given. The only reason the memor- 
ialist then or for months after assigned for not being able 
to comply with the orders he had received was the mul- 
tifarious country concerns which at that time had in a 
great measure unexpectedly devolved upon him by his 
brother John's departure [for the West Indies]. Ever 
since the memorialist found that his brother was fixed 
on getting forward in a rpgiment of the line, he has 
wished for the Marquis of Huntly's leave to sell out or 
retire on the half-pay, the latter of which modes would, 
however, be most agreeable to him. . . 

Upon the whole, the memorialist trusts, in the first 



23 

place, that he has satisfied the Marquis of Huntly that 
it was out of his power to have prevented any complaints 
which may have been made by the recruits, and that he 
is now ready and willing to transmit payment to them 
in such a way as may be pointed out, and also to satisfy 
Lord Huntly for whatever he may be indebted to him 
on account of his commission or other ways. And as to 
the situation in which he was left with his brother's 
matters, he presumes that is not unknown to the men of 
business of the family of Gordon and to the country in 
general. 

The memorialist cannot conclude without expressing 
a hope that, upon the Marquis of Huntly's perusing the 
above state of fact, every unfavourable impression will 
be done away with, which to him is of the greatest pos- 
sible consequence and the concern nearest his heart. 
And he is still not without hope that when every circum- 
stance is considered that the Marquis will condescend to 
permitt him to operate an exchange on the half-pay or 
sell out, at least in case it shall not be agreeable to his 
lordship to allow the memorialist to remain for a little 
time longer in the country untill his health is re-estab- 
lished and his affairs arranged. At all events, he humbly 
trusts that Lord Huntly will prevent anything being done 
to his prejudice in the meantime, as, rather than incurr 
the odium of being superseded in consequence of being 
returned absent without leave or otherwise, the memor- 
ialist would most certainly give in the resignation of his 
commission to the Marquis of Huntly, from whom he 
got it. 
On December 9, 1796, Menzies wrote from Gordon Castle an- 
nouncing : — 

I find the Marquis considerable soothed and disposed 
to allow you to remain a little longer at home, upon this 
express condition that you return immediately to the 
country [from Edinburgh] and make every exertion in 
your power to obtain men for the regiment. His lord- 
ship has now every reason to believe that it will not be 
drafted, and therefore he is exceedingly anxious to have 
it compleated to the ffull establishment. He is much in- 
debted to his friends by using their influence so success- 
fully in preventing his regiment from being drafted, 
which, you know, is considerably above the number of 
those that are kept on the establishment, and, therefore, 
it is incumbent on him to use every means in his power 
to compleat the regiment to prevent the reflexions being 
thrown on his friends and also its being drafted. 

His lordship continues anxious that the complaints 
exhibited against you by the men you carried to the regi- 
ment be enquired into and explained ; and for that pur- 
pose desires that you may transmit to the regiment your 
own state of effects, along with a particular account of 



24 

the bounties and subsistence paid to each man, mention- 
ing any promises made to them at the time of enlisting 
or afterwards. ... I flatter myself that, considering 
this additional indulgence shown to you by the Mai*quis, 
you will lose no time in returning to the country and ex- 
erting yourself for the good of the regiment. 
Gordon's name is crossed out in the MS. Army List 
of 1797, now in the Eecord Office. From half-pay of the Gor- 
dons he qualified, in terms of the Military Act, to be captain in the 
Aberdeenshire Militia, May 2, 1803 ("London Gazette," p. 680). 
According to the same authority (p. 1174), he became a lieutenant in 
the 92nd again on September 10, 1803. 

It is clear that Minmore did not get on well with his fellow- 
officers. Major Simon Macdonald of Morar, writing to Lord Huntly 
from Morar, March 19, 1798, says : — 

Gordon, Tombay and others of that ffamily have been 
officious with her Grace of Gordon and the ffamily in 
regard to me. I can truly aver I never spoke disrespect- 
fully of her Grace or ever spoke indifferently of any of 
the ffamily, and if anything of the sort is alledged I have 
that confidence in your lordship's known character that 
it will not be concealed. Indeed, Tombay said once to 
myself at London he would be upsides unless I passed 
from ordering Minmore to join. 

William Gordon had two families. By one lady, whose name I 
do not know, he had Sir Charles Gordon. His wife was Mary 
Stewart, daughter of Robert Stewart and sister of John Stewart, who 
bought Belladrum. She was a Protestant at the time of his marriage, 
adopting the Roman Catholic faith, from which the Minmore Gordons 
have never swerved. She died October 1, 1842, aged 63. The issue 
of William Gordon, who died Nov. 5, 1829, aged 74, was : — 

1. Sir Charles Gordon succeeded David Watson as recorder 
and clerk of the Highland and Agricultural Society in 
1815, and was at the same time elected assistant depute- 
secretary. He had been regularly bred to business, hav- 
ing at the time of his appointment been first clerk in the 
office of Campbell and Clason, W.S. He was a solicitor 
before the Supreme Court, for which he passed in 1818. 
In 1819 he was nominated joint depute-secretary along 
with his uncle, Lewis Gordon ; and in 1835 he succeeded to 
the post of secretary, the charter iof 1834 having created 
the new office of hon. secretary. He purchased the 
estate of Drimnin in Argyllshire about 1835, in which 
year he joined the Society as a member. On April 26, 
1837, he was knighted at St James's Palace 
by William IV. Mr Ramsav has, in his history 
of the Society (1879, p. 521), stated that the 
only meeting of the Society he was unable to attend dur- 
ing his secretaryship was in July 1845. He died at Edin- 



25 

burgh, September 25, 1845, aged 52, and at the first meet- 
ing of the directors (resolutions were passed recording the 
regret with which they heard of his death, " bear- 
ing testimony to the very able and upright mauner in 
which his multifarious and ofien oppressively laborious 
duties were discharged during a period of above thirty 
years : to the extraordinary zeal, patience, judgment and 
discrimination which he displayed, not only in conducting 
the routine business of the Society, but on various occa- 
sions when difficult and delicate negotiations with the 
Government were involved : and to the combination of 
those gifts and qualities which will render it difficult 
fully to supply his place." He is commemorated by a 
stone in Tombae Churchyard. In 1826 he married Helen, 
eldest daughter of John Fletcher of Dunans. She was 
born at Dunans, and died at 8 South Castle Street, Edin- 
burgh, March 25, 1881 ("Times"). Sir Charles had five 
sons and three daughters : — 

(1) William M. Gordon, "eldest son," born June 18, 
1828 ; died April 13, 1838 ; buried in Greyfriars, Edin- 
burgh (Brown's "Epitaphs," p. 122). 

(2) John Gordon. He entered the 74th Highlanders as 
an ensign, May 23, 1848 ; and became lieutenant 1850. 
He was wounded during the fourth attack on Water- 
kloof during the Kaffir war, November 6, 1851, and 
died three davs later. The incident is described by 
Capt. W. R. King, 74th Highlanders, in "Campaign- 
ing in Kaffirland" (pp. 150-7). "After leading our 
flank into the bush in person and giving his final 
orders, Colonel Fordyce proceeded to the left of the 
regiment to direct their movements, against the fast- 
ness held by the enemy from the shelter of which 
they kept up an annoying fire. At this moment he 
had advanced to the edge of the bush in front and 
was in the very act of directing the attack upon it 
when he was shot through the body, and fell to rise 
no more. The last and only words of our brave chief 
were : 'Take care of my regiment.' The regiment 
boldly and steadily advanced to storm under a fatal 
fire, which told fearfully among our ranks. Gordon 
was mortally wounded (November 6) by a ball which 
passed through both thighs, and lodging in the body 
of a soldier close by, killed him on the spot. . . 
The wounded who lay on their stretchers on the 
ground received every possible attention. Poor 
Gordon, over whose head we had built a shelter of 
green boughs, suffered dreadful agonies all night. 
The doctors, when questioned as to his case, shook 
their heads in doubt ; the ball had entered the out- 
side of the riaht thigh, and passing through it, en~ 
tered the inside of the left one, fracturing the bone 
close to the socket, and leaving two frightful lacer- 



26 

ated wounds. So close was the Kaffir who fired it 
that Gordon had attempted to seize his gun. The 
next day the bodies of the dead were placed in a mule 
waggon for burial at Post Relief, 15 miles across the 
table-land, for which place ib set off, accompanied by 
a party of officers who had obtained permission from 
the General to join this sad office. I followed slowly 
after them, with a strong escort guarding the woun- 
ded accompanied by our surgeon, Fraser. Poor 
Gordon, from the nature of his wounds, was unable 
to bear the motion of a waggon, and was carried on 
a stretcher the whole distance by the men of his com- 
pany. Gordon's suffering were very great, though 
borne with a fortitude only equalled by his courage 
in the field ; his thirst was insatiable. When about 
half-way one of the stretcher poles broke in two. We 
had, however taken the precaution to bring a spare 
stretcher, which was laid on the ground, the other 
placed gently on it, its poles withdrawn, and we went 
on again as before. ... At the fort, a miserable 
barrack-room with roughly paved floor and smoke- 
blackened rafters was hastily cleared for poor Gor- 
don, into which we carefully bore him, and adding 
every obtainable blanket or plaid to the thin straw 
mattress, and doing all in our very (limited power to 
cheer him and alleviate his sufferings, left him for 
the night (with his trusty and attached servant Stuart. 
. . . We visited Gordon again in the morning be- 
fore starting for the camp, and assisted the surgeon 
to dress his wounds and arrange his bed, and sat 
as long as we possibly could, wiping his brow and 
moistening his lips. On leaving, he begged us to 
come over as often as we could to see him during 
his probable long confinement in this lonely place, 
which we promised to do, but never saw him again. 
After three days of excruciating agony, the broken 
limb suddenly mortified, and he was carried off in a 
few hours. So died this young soldier, alone in a 
wild mountain fort, thousands of miles away from 
home and relatives, and only a servant to witness 
his last moments. Poor Ricketts of the 91st, dan- 
gerously wounded on October 14, in the Waterkloof 
. . . died the same day. . . His death, which 
occurred some hours the first, was purposely kept 
from Gordon, but the sound of the funeral volleys 
reached his ear, and in a quiet voice he blamed his 
servant for not telling him of it. In two hours after, 
a like salute was fired over his own grave. His loss 
was sincerely mourned both by officers and men, his 
honest, sterling qualities, kindly heart, and dauntless 
bravery in the field having endeared him to all" 
[Another John Gordon, lieutenant in the 91st, and 
said to be an Irishman, was also killed in the Kaffir 
War.] 



27 

(3) Charles Menzies Gordon, born 1831. He entered 
the Society of Jesus, resigning the property of Drim- 
nin to his brother, Jose Clement. The " Catholic 
Who's Who" (1908) says he fought as a volunteer in 
the army of Pius IX. He was rector of St Aloysius, 
Garnet Hill, Glasgow, for some years prior to his 
consecration in St Andrew's Cathedral, Glasgow, on 
the Feast of the Assumption, 1889, as Bishop of 
Thyatira and Vicar Apostolic of Jamaica. The nave 
and Gospel side of the Church were set apart for 
members of the new Bishop's late congregation of 
St Aloysius's ; the Epistle side was taken by mem- 
bers of the Cathedral congregation and others. The 
ceremony was performed by the Archbishop of Glas- 
gow, the Bishop-Elect having as his assistants the 
Archbishop of Edinburgh and the Bishop of Argyll 
and the Isles. On arriving at Jamaica, he was pre- 
sented in the steamer saloon with an address begging 
the new Bishop to accept a carriage and pair for his 
special Episcopal use. In reply he isaid : — "I feel 
that God has indeed blessed my mission, and that 
my future will be ia future of happiness in His ser- 
vice, for whatever else may happen, if the cause of 
the Church proceeds well, I am quite happy, and I 
am sure it will proceed well. We do not seek to 
hinder others. We have only the greatest love and 
affection for all who may differ from us, and we will 
never have a word to say against them. At the 
same time, we cannot forget our own affections, and 
I am certain, therefore, that we shall promote this 
to the best of our power, but not in the slightest 
degree to offend the spirit of charity with regard to 
others. I dare say we shall find here, as I have 
found in other places, that however men may differ 
from one another in points of faith, all agree in pro- 
moting works of charity, and so far as possible we 
shall do our best to aid our brethren in that, and to 
keep unity amongst ourselves and them whether 
separated from us or not. Now I must come to a 
conclusion. I dare say you do not feel the heat as 
much as I do. I am not unsuited to heat ; I have 
been in Africa, the land of the sun par excellence, 
but somehow or other, I ihave not got accustomed 
to stewing as eels are said to get accustomed to 
skinning, and last night the heat was terrible in my 
berth." He retired in 1906, and lives at Roehampton. 

(4) Henry Fletcher Gordon, died January 3, 1836, in 
his third year (Brown's " Greyfriars Epitaphs" p. 122). 

(5) Jose Clement Gordon of Drimnin : born 1838 : mar- 
lied 1875, Mary Teresa, only daughter and heiress of 
William Hoy of Stoke Priory, Suffolk. He has: — 



28 

i. Charles Augustine Gordon : bom 1882 : edu- 
cated at Stonyhurst : writer to the signet in 
Edinburgh. 

ii. Helen Mary Gordon: graduated M.B. :Ch.B., 
Glasgow University, 1900. She was for some 
time clinical assistant of the City Asylum, Bir- 
mingham, and is mow practising at 22 Greek St., 
Stockport. 

iii. Monica Mary Gordon, M.A., Glasgow Uni- 
versity. 

iv. Elizabeth iMary Gordon. 

v. Clementina Gordon. 

(6) Alexander Gordon, died, without issue, 1868. 

(7) Margaret Gordon, died unmarried 1860. 

(8) Helen Isabella Gordon, married Clement Philli- 
more Penny, Fleet Paymaster, R.N., and d.s.p. May 
20, 1891. 

2. William Gordon, Floors, Grange, first wife family. He had : 

(1) Charles Gordon, died unmarried. 

(2) Donald Gordon, married Catherine Gordon, 
daughter of Alexander Gordon, Tullochallum. 1 
am greatly indebted to Mrs Donald Gordon, who re- 
sides at 50 Crescent Lane, Clapham Park, London, 
for many details about the family. Mrs Gordon has 
two sons and three daughters: — 

Donald Stuart Gordon. 
Alexander Gordon. 
Catherine Gordon. 
Margaret Clementina Gordon. 
Madeleine Mary Gardon. 

(3) Lewis Gordon, died unmarried. 

(4) Jane Gordon. 

3. John Gordon. Grant Stewart, in his "Lectures from the 
Mountains" (1st series 1860, ip. 102), calls him the eldest 
son. He was the commander of one of the East Inda 
Company's traders. He commanded the Hamersjee 
Bomangee. He died at Singapore, July 4, 1833, aged 
27 (tombstone at Tombae), and his will was proved at 
Bombay, September 18, 1834 (India Office). 

4. Michie Forbes Gordon, Bombay Staff Corps : born 1812. A 
cadet in 1828, he entered the 11th Native Infantry, 2nd 
European Regiment, as an ensign, August 24, 1833. He 
was adjutant of the Guzerat Provincial Battalion, 1836- 
7 : lieutenant 2nd Bombay European Light Infantry 
Regiment, October 8, 1839 : captain, January 21, 1846. 
He was appointed assistant to the Commissioner, South 
Mahratta, August 18, 1847 (Civil employment), remain- 
ing there till February 10, 1855, when he became Com- 
missioner at Inam. He had political charge of the Amirs of 
Scinde. He reached the (army) rank of major Nov. 28, 1854, 
still holding the Commissionership of Inam : and the (regimen- 



29 

tal) rank and Staff Corps, January 1, 1862. He was lieut.- 
colonel on the Staff Corps, July 16, 1863, and retired 
July 18, 1864. He was created Knight of St Gregory by Pius 
IX. in 1854. He married on November 21, 1844 Jemima 
Catherine (born May 3, 1824), daughter of Sir John Curnin, 
of the Calcutta Mint. She died Feb. 24, 1893. Gordon died 
at Southport, March 7, 1894. He had :— 

(1) William Gordon, born September 24, 1824: died 
September 20, 1846. 

(2) Mary Josephine Gordon, born April 27, 1847. She 
married as his second wife, June 24, 1879, Clement 
Robert William Gordon, solicitor, Banff, son of 
William Robert Gordon (1812-1898), Procurator- 
Fiscal of Banff, etc., member of the Lettoch family, 
as already noted. 

(3) Harriett Plauda Gordon, born July 21, 1848 : died 
March 29, 1851. 

5. James Fraser Gordon, born September 7, 1816. He was 
at Marischal College, Aberdeen, in 1831, and was ad- 
mitted a W.S. July 15, 1852. He married, July 27, 
1851, Eleanor Sinclair, daughter of Archibald Leslie of 
Balnageith, by Eleanor Atlee (1800-92). Mrs Gordon 
died in 1851. Gordon died at Reigate, April 12, 1861, 
aged 44. A biography of his mother-in-law was written 
by J. M. Stone for the Art and Book Company, London 
and Leamington, 1899. Archibald Leslie was the son of 
Rev. William Leslie, St. Andrews, Lhanbryd. He came 
under the influence of Father Clapperton, in Edinburgh, 
and Mrs Leslie entered the Church of Rome in 1846, one 
of her friends, Mr Robert Aitken (who had run a dissent- 
ing chapel in Waterloo Road, London), writing her — ■ 
" You will be damned, I believe, eternally." James 
Fraser Gordon had a son : — 

Michael Fraser Gordon, born 1857 : died unmarried. 

6. Lndovick Gordon : died an infant. 

7. Ludovick Gordon : died an infant. 

8. William Fletcher Gordon, was born in Sept. 1826. He 
was educated at Blairs College and the Edinburgh Mili- 
tary Academy. He entered the Bombay Infantry as a 
cadet, February 18, 1844. He was second lieutenant in 
the 1st European Regiment of Fusiliers, December 21, 
1844, and first lieutenant, June 19, 1846. He served in 
the Central Mutiny Campaign, 1848. He acted as sub- 
assistant commissary-general (at Hyderabad) 1849-55, 
and became deputy-assistant commissary-general, Oct. 
4, 1855. He went through the Indian Mutiny under Sir 
Hugh Rose, being present at the sieges of Jhansi (where 
Francis David, son of Michael Francis Gordon, laird of 
Abergeldie, was killed), Calpee and Gwalior, being two 
years under canvas. He served also in the Persian Ex- 
pedition under Sir James Outram, and received the 



30 

medals for Central India, Mooltan, and Persia. He be- 
came captain (still holding his commissary-general ap- 
pointment), January 17, 1859: major, April 26, 1860: 
assistant commissary-general at Gwalior, December 
1861: and as brevet-major, retired, July 18, 1864. He 
was made a Military iKnight of the Order of St Gregory 
the Great by Pope Pius, July 31, 1860, and on Tuesday, 
September 18, 1860 was invested with the Order "as a 
reward for his bravery in the field and for the assistance 
generally afforded by fiim to the Christian community 
during the late Indian rebellion." The ceremony was 
so notable that the "Times" (September 22, 1860) thought 
fit to quote a paragraph from the "Caledonian Mercury" 
about it ; while the "Tablet" (September 29, 1860) gave 
a column and a half condensed from the "Glasgow Free 
Press." The ceremony took place at bt Margaret's Con- 
vent, Greenhill Gardens, Kdinburgh. Mass having been 
said, the Bishop delivered an eloquent address, in which 
he described the origin of Christian chivalry, its appli- 
ances in former times, and the uses it still serves. The 
maiden sword of Major Gordon was then blessed by the 
Bishop, who, in handing it to 'him, exhorted him to cany 
it faithfully for his Queen and country, and never to use 
it in the cause of injustice. A special office for the oc- 
casion having been read, the ceremony of investing 
Major Gordon with the Order of St Gregory then took 
place. "The gallant Major was accompanied on the oc- 
casion by two esquires — [Capain] A. Smith Sligo [High- 
land Volunteers] of Inzievar, and another gentleman 
[Mr Gray], a relative of the Major [distinguished for his 
services in India]. They were all dressed in full High- 
land costume. Two young ladies [nieces of the Major, 
and pupils of the convent] carried silver salvers, on 
which were placed the insignia of the Order. The party 
kneeling at the altar, Bishop Gillies formally invested 
the Major with the Order, the insignia of which consist 
of a cross and a riband, which were fastened on the 
Major's breast by the Bishop himself. Father Corry, of 
the Society of Jesus, read the Latin rescript of the Pope, 
a translation of which was afterwards read by Bishop 
Gillies. The Bishop was assisted on the occasion by 
the Rev. Mr O'Donnell, chaplain of the convent ; the 
Rev. Mr D'Arcy, Portobello : the Rev. W. Gascoigne, 
Edinburgh ; and the Rev. Messrs Mahoh and Corry, 
S.J., Edinburgh. The ceremony lasted about an hour 
and a half, and excited the utmost interest among those 
who were present A dejeuner, in celebration of the 
•event, afterwards was given at the Clarendon Hotel. 
M->ior Gordon took the ihead of the table, with Bishop 
Gillies on his right and the Rev. Dr Marshall on his left. 
At the opposite end was James Gordon, brother of the 
Major. In the early seventies he was made a Knight 
Commander of the Order of Pope Pius IX. While re- 



31 

siding in London he took an active part in many Catholic 
works, notably the Papal Defence Fund, 1870-1, of which 
he was honorary secretary. He took a keen interest in 
the Aged Poor Society, of which he was for many years 
a member. In 1889 he went to live at Wimbledon. He 
married, April 4, 1861, at York, Katherine McCann. She 
was the daughter of Jarrard Edward Strickland of Loug- 
ghgly House, Roscommon (cadet of the Stricklands of 
Sizergh Casfcle, Westmoreland) : and a descendant of 
the Plantagenets (Ruvigny's "Plantagenet Roll," 315). 
She had married, April 20, 1852, William McCann of 
Booterstoun, Dublin, by whom she had a daughter, Anne 
Mary, who afterwards took the name of Gordon. Mr 
McCann died July 30, 1852. His widow married (2) in 
1861, as noted, Major William Fletcher Gordon. Born 
on September 1, 1827, she died at St Edmond's, Wimble- 
don, November 10, 1904 ; he died at St Edmund's, Nov. 
28, 1905, aged 79 ("Times"). Part of his library was 
sold at Put-tick and Simpson's, London, March 2, 1904. 

9. Mary : died an infant. 

10. Anne : married James Petrie, banker, Dufftown. She 
died on September 7, 1858, aged 47, and is commemor- 
ated by a stone in Tombae Roman Catholic Church- 
yard. The inscription over her runs : Expecting a 
blessed resurrection, the mortal remains of Anne, the 
beloved wife of James Petrie, Esq., here repose in the 
fear of the Lord, which >is the beginning of wisdom ; in 
faith, without which it is impossible to please God ; in 
hope, the anchor of the soul, sure and firm ; in charity, 
which never faileth, she placidly resigned her spirit to 
its Creator, 7th September 1858, aged 47 years. 

Her children rise up and called her blessed, 
Her husband also, and he praiseth her. 
Favour is deceitful and beauty is vain. 
The woman that feareth (the Lord, 
She shall be praised. — (Pro., ch. 31). 
Requiescat in pace. 
Mrs Petrie had a son and two daughters, as follows : — 

(1) Alexander Petrie : died unmarried. 

(2) Mary Peti-ie : died unmarried. 

(3) Isabella Gilzean Petrie : married as his first wife 
Clement Gordon (who married, secondly, her cousin 
Mary, daughter of Michie Forbes Gordon) : and had 

Gregor Gordon : now in Australia. 

11. Elizabeth Stewart Forbes Gordon : died unmarried in 
the Convent of Mercy, Glasgow, April 10, 1854, aged 32, 
and is commemorated by a stone at Tombae. 

William Gordon, V. of Minmore, died on November 5,1829, 
aged 74, and is commemorated by a stone erected in Tombae Church- 
yard by his son, Major William Fletcher Gordon. 



32 



MAJOR JOHN GORDON 
(Died 1819), 

HPHE career of Major John Gordon has till recently been very- 
obscure, but the remarkable military studies of Mrs Skelton 
have made it almost completely clear. 

He was the son of John Gordon IV. in Minmore, who, having 
been out with Prince Charlie, sought to regain lost ground by putting 
his sons, William. Lewis, and John, into the army,. A good oppor- 
tunity afforded itself in the patriotic regiment raising of the 4th Duke 
of Gordon. 

The Duke apparently intended to give John the appointment of 
surgeon in the Northern Fencibles, which he raised in 1773, for he 
writes to Cox & Mair, the army agents, on October 9 of that year : — 
" Mr Gordon, the surgeon, has been with me, and as it is not certain 
whether he can hold the surgeoncy or not, being, as I am iuformed, 
appointed quartermaster to the 48th, I beg you will not take out the 
commission till you hear from me.'' And on December 27, 1778, his 
grace wrote :— "It is my desire that John French, mate, be appointed 
surgeon, vice John Gordon, who has resigned." 

John seems to be the Dr. J. Gordon, who wrote from London 
to the Duke on December 1, 1798 : — "Pardon the remissness of my 
aot writing you earlier, just on my arrival in London, after a long and 
tedious passage. It was believed we should be immediately ordered 
for the West Indies, but the unexpected revolution that happened in 
that quarter of the globe by the taking of Dominique, in which was 
three companies of our regiment, and the uncertain situation, the 
remaining part may be in. [came]" He asks Major Finlason of the 
Northern Fencibles to send him " an order to receive payment of the 
regimental agent here for what money may be owing me." Presumably 
the " our regiment" to which he refers is the 48th, and in view of the 
fact that he was at the time referred to in that regiment, it seems 
curious that there should have been money owing to him for service 
with the Northern Fencibles, to which regiment it seems doubtful 
whether he was ever really commissioned at this time. 

He exchanged in 1784 into a regiment, the name of which is not 
mentioned ; but presumably it was the 11th. Another reference in 
the "London Gazette" gives the date of his half-pay as from 1783, while 
his name appears in the Army Lists as quartermaster of the 48th 
until 1786. 

He returned to his native district a few years later (residing at 
Tombae), for he was appointed Justice of the Peace for Banffshire May 



33 

21, 1792, and in the following year associated himself with the Nor- 
thern Fencibles, the third regiment raised by the 4th Duke of Gordon. 
Having enlisted fourteen men, he was appointed ensign and lieutenant 
in the regiment March 1, 1793, and rose to be captain-lieutenant June 
7, 1794, and captain November 12, 1794. 

He was appointed, September 15, 1795, captain of a regiment 
(Lieut.-Col. Skerritt's 7th W. I.) to be raised in the island of St 
Vincent for general service in the West Indies, being described, not 
as a captain of the Northern Fencibles, but as " Lieutenant John 
Gordon, half. pay, 11th Foot." 

He seems to have taken this step by reason of his failure as a 
farmer, for Menzies, the Duke of Gordon's factotum, wrote to John's 
brother, William Gordon in Minmore. on December 9, 1796 : — 

I have to call your attention to the arrears of rent 
resting by your brother John to the Duke. At settling 
Mr Marshall's account a few days ago, I was surprised 
to see his name in the list of arrears for upwards of 
£112, and there is since another year's rent fallen due. 

William, who was in another kind of difficulty at the same time, 
in a memorial to the Marquis of Huntly, December 3, 1726, mentions 
his brother's affairs as one of the causes of his own trouble. He 
refers to the "multifarious country concerns " which in November 
1795, devolved upon him by his brother, John's, being under the 
necessity of sailing for the West Indies — 

[His] affairs had been awkwardly and abruptly left 
to be managed by the memorialist [William]. Had the 
memorialist known that his brother was to accept of an 
appointment on the establishment, and go abroad in the 
way he has since done, he himself would not have 
thought of soliciting any appointment which might ren- 
der it necessary to go on foreign sendee. 

John and his brother were hand in glove, for when William was 
ordered to rejoin his regiment, the Gordon Highlanders, John seems 
to have stuck up for him, for Major Simon Macdonald of Morar 
writing to the Marquis of Huntly on March 19, 1798, says : "Tombay 
said once to myself at London he would be upsides unless I passed 
from ordering Minmore to join." 

John did not stay long with the 7th West Indian Regiment, being 
transferred on November 30, 1796, as captain to the 8th West Indian 
Regiments ("London Gazette," p. 1131). The regiment seems to 
have been raised by Lieutenant-Colonel John Drew (of the Drews of 
Drewscourt family, Limerick), of the 45th Regiment, in which three 
Drew brothers were officers. Gordon got his majority on August 18, 
1798 (" London Gazette," p. 769), but, according to a witness at his 
court-martial, did not join the regiment till two years later. For a. 



34 

time all went well, and in Jnly 180', he assumed command of the 
regiment in lieu of Lieut.-Colonel Wilson, who had come home on sick 
leave, 1801. 

It is difficult to trace the history of the 8th, save that on the 
night of April 9, 1802, the regiment mutinied, killing one or two of 
the white officers. Many causes contributed to the revolt, and at this 
distance of time ,it is practically impossible to take up the critical 
position. In the first place, the regiment and the island fell under 
the domination of an extremely bad egg, Andrew James Cochrane 
Johnstone (the son of the 8th Earl of Dundonald), who became 
Governor of Dominica and Colonel of the 8th in 1798. " His rule 
was marked by tyranny, extortion and vice. He drove a brisk and 
profitable trade in negroes, and kept a harem." He ended his career 
by being kicked out of the House of Commons, and disappeared no 
one knows where. 

After the mutiny Johnstone and Gordon indulged in a series of 
mutual recriminations, described in three pamphlets of unnecessary 
length and now extremely rare : 

(1) " Proceedings of the General Court Martial in the Trial 
of Major John Gordon" : printed for E. Lloyd, Harley 
Street, 1804: 8vo., pp. 302. 

(2) " Correspondence Between the Hon. Cochrane Johnstone 
and the Departments of the Commander-in-Chief and 
the Judge-Advocate-General" during the period from 
September 1803. to August 1804. London : printed by 
J. Barfield, Wardour Street, 1805: 8vo., pp. 128. 

(3) "Defence of the Hon. Andrew Cochrane Johnstone," in- 
cluding a view of the evidence produced on his trial, 
with the sentence and varied commentaries thereon, by 
the Judge Advocate-General : and with a relative series 
of interesting letters previous and subsequent to the pro- 
secution : to which is prefixed a letter to His Royal 
Highness the Duke of York on the 'present administra- 
tion of military law. The whole respectfully inscribed 
to the general officers who composed the Court Martial 
at the said trial. London : J. Barfield, Wardour Street, 
1805 : 8vo., pp. cxix., 1., and 280 (making in all 449 pages). 

The only account of the actual mutiny which I have seen occurs 
in a book entitled " Sketches and recollections of the West Indies," by 
" A Resident," published by Smith Elder in 1828 (8vo., pp. xii, 300). 
A copy now in King's College Library, Aberdeen, has the words " By 
Hugh Gordon, Esq.," pasted on a printed slip over " By a Resident." 
This Hugh Gordon may be the Hugh Gordon, Esq., late of Dominica, 
who was married at Macduff, Oct. 27, 1807, to Catherine, daughter of 
Rev. Thomas Wilson, minister of Gamrie, and who seems to have been 
the father of the Rev. George Gordon (1808-1839), minister of Knock- 
ando. Hugh sailed to Dominica via Barbados from Gravesend " three 



35 

years after Sir Hugh Christian's disaster," which occurred iu 1795. 
On landing he was enrolled in the St George's "Regiment at Roseau, 
and soon got a commission (p. 34). He took part (1797) in a fight 
with a French privateer which swooped clown on Roseau and carried 
off a large sloop (owned by a captain of the St George's) and laden 
with sugar and rum. The privateer was chased by a fast sailing 
armed schooner on whieh Gordon sailed (p. 91). He was in garrison 
during the insurrection of Guadeloupe, 1803 (p. 99). In 1804 he was 
sent to Prince Rupert's garrison (p. 159). Having been exempted 
from militia duty, he offereduhis services as a supernumerary aide-de- 
camp, and was despatched with orders for the light infantry of- the St 
George's Regiment to take post at the river side and edge of the ford 
until further orders. He was still in garrison at Prince Rupert's in 
June 1805. He returned to England the same year. His book is 
difficult to read intelligently, for it is almost dateless. It is par- 
ticularly tantalising that, being of northern origin, he does not go out 
of his way to give more precise information about John Gordon. 
He deals, however, at length with the mutiny (pp. 105-116). 

The regiment was stationed in a fort at Prince Rupert's which is 
situated on a small promontory connected with the mainland of 
Dominica by an isthmus mostly made up of marshy brushwood, called 
the Swamp, 90 acres in extent. This place was supposed to have been 
the cause of the constant outbreak of fever which decimated the 
regiment, and Johnstone declared that he set the men 
to clear it with a view to reduce the dangers of malaria. 
According to Hugh Gordon, " the regiment had latterly received no 
pay, and although the major commanding and paymaster had made 
repeated applications on the subject to Johnstone, the governor, they 
had been made in vain ; two companies not having received their pay 
since October 24, and two from November 24, 1801." 

There were 500 black men in the garrison, and less than twenty 
whites. Hugh Gordon gives a glimpse of the night of the mutin y 
April 9: — 

The officers who escaped on the night of the mutiny, 
and joined the troops next day, were Major Gordon, 
Captain Cassan, and Ensign Greenshields : those taken 
prisoners were Captain Barr, Lieutenants Alexander and 
Allan Cameron : and those who unhappily lost their 
lives, together with the artillerymen, and every other 
white person in the garrison, with the exception of Mr 
Barron, of the ordnance department, and a few women, 
were Captain Allan Cameron, 'Lieutenant and Adjutant 
Mackay, Lieutenant Wasteneys, and two others, names 
forgotten. The major escaped, through the fidelity of a 
man of Captain Cameron's company, who save him 
notice, a few minutes before the work of death began. 
These officers determined to use their personal influence 



36 

with the men. The -major proceeded instantly to the 
barracks at the barrier ; Captain Cameron went to those 
of his company, in Fort Shirley. Captain Cameron was 
so firmly persuaded of their attachment to him, that he 
entertained little doubt of detaching them from the 
mutiny, and of holding Fort Shirley, until relieved. His 
company, however, instantly made him a prisoner, but 
assured him of personal safety, and that they would sacri- 
fice their own lives to defend him. The work of death 
immediately began. The iew artillerymen in the fort 
were butchered in cold blood by these savages ; and, in 
other parts of the garrison, they proceeded to destroy 
every white person whom they could find, with the ex- 
ception of the three officers, who were favourites, and 
saved by their own companies. Captain Cameron's fate 
was tragical in the extreme. After escaping in the com- 
mencement, he was shot by a man whom he had ordered 
into confinement the day before, who had now been liber- 
ated, an i was not aware of, or would not understand, 
the favourable intentions of his own company towards 
him. The man was immediately put to death by his 
comradi s. The major's endeavours to stop the mutiny 
were equally fruitless. With difficulty he escaped with 
his life, being pursued and fired at, and his horse woun- 
ded. Lieutenant Wasteneys, a fine youth of eighteen, on 
guard on the inner Cabarite, was savagely bayonetted. 
The death of Adjutant Mackay was still more tragical. 
The monsters, not satisfied with killing him, actually cut 
his body in pieces. He was one of the stoutest men in 
the army ; of great talent, and undaunted resolution. 
He defended himself until entirely overpowered by num- 
bers. Several officers and men of the ordnance, com- 
missaiiab, and quartermaster-general's departments ex- 
perienced a similar fate ; and the miserable women, who 
fell into the power of these wretches, suffered every 
species of indignity and degradation. 

The news of the massacre was brought by express to "Roseau, the 
capital next morning, (April 10), and Hugh Gordon describes its 
effect : — 

So strong was the apprehension that these proceed- 
ings were the first step towards a general insurrection 
amongst the slaves, that the white inhabitants only whis- 
pered their terrors to each other, afraid to declare, in 
the hearing of the black population, all that had taken 
place at Prince Rupert's. The Governor, however, lost 
not a moment in summoning the Council, to whom he 
declared his intention of immediately embarking ' with 
the garrison of Morne Bruce (the gallant 68th Regiment) 
and part of the St George's Regiment of Militia, to at- 
tack the mutineers in their stronghold, and to send off 
immediate expresses to the commander-in-chief for rein- 
forcements. Martial law was instantly put in force ; and 



37 

by ten o'clock, the same morning, the troops were em- 
barked and under weigh, with supplies of provisions, 
ammunition etc., sufficient for their use. Fortunately, 
two British men-of-war, the Excellent and Magnificent, 
of seventy-four guns each, commanded by the Hon. Com- 
modore (now Admiral) Stopford and Captain Giffard, 
anchored in Prince Kupert's Bay the same evening to 
take in wood and water ; and receiving immediate notice 
of what had happened, the Commodore disembarked the 
marines, of both ships, to cut off the communication of 
the mutineers with the country, and to confine them to 
the garrison, of which they had entire possession, with 
a supply of provisions and ammunition for many weeks. 
The mutineers fired repeatedly on the men-of-war from 
Fort Shirley and the outer Cabarite, but found that they 
had anchored out of reach of their gunnery ; and their 
attempts to dislodge the marines and militia, which had 
joined them from Point Round, were equally unsuccess- 
ful. 

A French man-of-war schooner, from Guadeloupe, 
with despatches, happened to be at Roseau on the morn- 
ing when the evil news arrived ; and her commander 
immediately offered to convey Governor Johnstone and 
his staff to Prince Rupert's. He was, accordingly, dis- 
embarked the same evening at Point Round, where he 
was joined by Commodore Stopford and other officers. 
The Magnificent was under weigh, in an hour afterwards, 
to bring part of the Royals from the Saintes, where they 
were in garrison, only a few hours' sail from Prince 
Rupert's. The 68th Regiment and Militia arrived from 
Roseau the same evening. 

Johnstone first took a trip to the village of Portsmouth in order 
to interview Gordon, who, he says, was seated in a tavern, although 
it was his first duty to have secured the isthmus, so as to prevent the 
mutineers from reaching the island. Johnstone adroitly draws a 
curtain over the method by which he quelled the mutiny, but Hugh 
Gordon, in his muddling way, goes into details : — 

The morning after the governor's arrival, he sent in 
an officer and flag of truce to the mutineers, to summon 
them to surrender ; but they refused to admit him within 
the lines, or to treat on the terms proposed by the Gover- 
nor, who wished to save the lives of the three valuable 
officers whom they kept prisoners, and who were in 
momentary expectation of being put to death, amidst the 
contending opinions of the furious and savage mutineers, 
some of whom were desirous to save, and others to de- 
stroy, them. The mutineers had made repeated at- 
tempts to dislodge the marines and militia from the 
swamp, which formed the isthmus between the garrison 
and town of Prince Rupert's, but were always repulsed. 
They also canonaded the posts held by the troops in the 



38 

neighbourhood, but their shot fell short. The return of 
the Magnificent, with two hundred men of the Royals, 
under command of Major Paxley, now determined the 
Governor to attempt to storm the fortress. The 68th 
Regiment was 500 strong, and commanded by Majors 
bcott and Hamilton ; the marines were 150 ; detachment 
of Royals, 200 ; the St George's Militia and other com- 
panies, about 400— in all 1300 men, whilst the mutineers 
did not exceed 450. 

Major Hamilton volunteered to head the attack, and 
Captain Blakeney, and other officers, followed his ex- 
ample in pressing to be entrusted with commands. The 
arrangements had been completed, and the assault was 
to be made the same night, when a flag of truce was 
perceived coming from the garrison. On its arrival, 
Lieutenant Alexander Cameron, of the 8th West India 
Regiment [who died, a victim to the climate, at Prince 
Rupert's several years after], proposed terms of surren- 
der. Aware of their danger, the mutineers offered to 
throw themselves on the mercy of the Governor, stipu- 
lating only that the lives of the whole regiment should 
be saved. This Governor Johnstone peremptorily re- 
fused ; but he urged Lieutenant Cameron to remain, and 
not again to put himself in the power of the mutineers. 
The lieutenant's reply was heroic, as it was impressive. 
"Never will I consent to save my own life at the certain 
expense of that of my brother officers, still in their power 
— I promised to return ; and, whether life or death shall 
await me, I must go back." The noble self-devotion of 
this brave officer, and the state in which he appeared 
amongst his fellow-soldiers, inspired them with the de- 
termination to effect his release, if spared until the hour 
of assault, or to die in the attempt. He had come into 
the cantonments without hat, coat, or shoes, all having 
been stripped from him by the daring and blood-thirsty 
men whom he had commanded only a few days before. 

After some delay, it was unexpectedly agreed to by 
the mutineers that the regular troops should march into 
the garrison of Prince Rupert's lat five o'clock in the 
evening, and that the 8th West India Regiment, drawn 
up on parade, and placing themselves at the mercy of 
the Commander-in-Chief in the West Indies, should lay 
down their arms on receiving the word of command from 
the Governor. 

Accordingly, at four p.m., the regular troops were 
under arms, and, soon after, they began their march, with 
Governor Johnstone at their head, to enter the garrison. 
Several officers and privates of the militia, with all the 
civilians attached to the army, followed unarmed, anx- 
ious to be spectators of the approaching scene. Having 
entered by the barrier gate, where the black sentinels 
presented arms as they passed, the troops marched on 
towards the parade ; the detachment of. Royal Artillery, 



39 

under command of Captain, now Lieutenant-Colonel, 
JBrough, halting, with their guns a little to the left of 
the 8th West India Regiment, which were already drawn 
up in line on the parade ; the three officers (their pris- 
oners) standing in front of their respective companies, 
to the command of which, it appeared, they had been 
restored. The Royals, 68th Regiment, and Marines hav- 
ing taken up their ground in front of the mutineers, and 
within twenty yards of them, Governor Johnstone rode 
up to address them. Scarcely, however, had he ex- 
pressed his regret and sorrow that the corps, of which 
he was the colonel, and which had distinguished itself 
at the capture of the Danish settlements, should have 
so acted, when the angry feelings betrayed by the muti- 
neers led him to wheel a little round ; and, again front- 
ing them, he, without losing further time, gave the word 
for them to order and ground their arms. A few only 
obeyed this order, and one of their ring-leaders, stepping 
out, called to them " not to lay down their arms, as 
Governor Johnstone would cheat them." At this critical 
moment, the Royals, perceiving that resistance would be 
made, and scarcely waiting for orders, fired a volley, 
which was followed by another from the 68th Regiment 
and Marines, who, directed by Major Hamilton, imme- 
diately advanced at the point of the bayonet. The 
mutineers, after a straggling fire, gave way on all sides, 
scrambling up the sides of the outer Cabarite, from the 
top of which two or three hundred of them precipitated 
themselves into the ssa down a steep, which, until then, 
had been considered impracticable, and with very little 
loss of lives, a few only being destroyed by their fall. 
They left seventy or eighty killed and wounded on the 
parade by the fire of the troops, who pursued them to 
the top, killing or capturing all whom they overtook. 
On the part of the troops a few men only were killed, 
and two or three officers and a dozen men wounded. 
The three officers of the 8th West India Regiment es- 
caped unhurt. 

Parties of the mutineers (the guards of the day, per- 
haps) were still occupying Fort Shirley and the batteries 
on the inner Cabarite, and from the latter a discharge 
of grape-shot was now received, which, being aimed too 
high, did no mischief. Captain Brough immediately 
turned his guns on the party who were firing, and, by 
his first fire of grape, killed the greater part of them. 
The rest fled across the swamp, where some of them 
were taken and others killed by the militia ; two were 
by this time under arms, though not in time to intercept 
the main body of the mutineers, who had fled over the 
outer Cabarite, and got off into the country, mostly with- 
out arms. 

A detachment immediately proceeded to take pos- 
session of Fort Shirley, where, on the magazines being 



40 

opened and examined, a train was found to have been 
laid for the purpose of blowing up the assailants. 

The troops now received the thanks of the Governor 
on parade, measures were taken for the pursuit of the 
fugitives, and the wounded on both sides left on the 
field of contest were carefullv removed to the hospital. 
The wounded officers were placed by the Governor's 
direction, in the barrack in Fort Shirley, appropriated 
for his own quarters ; and it is but justice to this now 
fallen star to mention that he was to be seen, for several 
following days, administering to their wants with his own 
hands. The situation of the unfortunate officers of the 
8th West India Regiment, who had lost all their pro- 
perty, also received his early attention. 

Amidst our warlike operations and harrassing duty 
one circumstance afforded great and universal satisfac- 
tion, viz., the fidelity of the slaves, who not only evinced 
their accustomed subordination and obedience to masters 
and managers at the time the strong garrison of Prince 
Rupert's was in the hands of the mutineers, but took 
every opportunity of showing their abhorrence of such 
proceedings, and their desire to assist in securing and 
bringing them to punishment. Many instances of the 
warmest and most devoted attachment to their masters 
by slaves on this trying occasion might be mentioned. 

The Governor issued a proclamation congratulating 
the colony on the suppression of the mutiny, and prais- 
ing the peaceable and good behaviour of the slaves. The 
thanks of the council and assembly were at the same 
time voted to the commanding officers and different 
corps, and to the men-of-war, including the French ships, 
which had rendered such important service to the colony. 
Whatever portion of blame may have attached to Gover- 
nor Johnstone respecting the cause of the mutiny, he 
unquestionably displayed, in the suppression of it, great 
talents and address. 

When the garrison was a little restored to order, and 
the danger to the state no longer imminent, we formed 
ourselves into parties, and were allowed to make excur- 
sions to the country ; but the arrival of transports, with 
the 4th West India Regiment, and a detachment of ar- 
tillery, soon relieved the 68th Regiment and the greater 
part of us from farther duty at Prince Rupert's. 
A court-martial was held immediately at Prince Rupert's, when 
seven of the ringleaders were tried and condemned. The Commander- 
in-Chief, Sir Thomas Trigge, ordered the mutineers, who were at 
length all accounted for as killed, wounded, or prisoners, to be sent 
to °Barbadoes, then the headquarters. They left Dominica on 
April 24. 

A court of inquiry was held at Fort Charles, Barbadoes, on 
May 24 1802. The ringleaders were tried by court-martial on June 



41 

6, 1802, and several of them executed ; others, who were less impli- 
cated or left the standard of rebellion, were, with their officers, drafted 
into other West India regiments, but the greater part was formed 
into a corps of pioneers, and attached as labourers and servants to the 
different regiments doing duty in the West Indies, the 8th being 
finally disembodied on September 24, 1802. 

Gordon then came home, arriving in London in February 1803, and 
taking lodgings at 194 Piccadilly. Johnstone was recalled, and began 
preferring charges against Gordon, who wascourt-martialledat Chelsea 
Bospital, January 30-February 14, 1804. Gordon was found generally 
not guilty. Here are four of the charges against him, and the verdict 
of the court : — 

1. Having entered into a co-partnership with the 
late Lieutenant Mackay, the acting quarter-master, re- 
lative to the baking for or furnishing bread of the 8th 
West India Regiment, and taking and receiving from 
him different sums of money as the profit and emolu- 
ment arising therefrom, contrary to his duty and in de- 
rogation of the character of a commanding officer, and 
to the prejudice of the service between the month of 
July 1801, and the end of the month of April 1802. 

2. Having unwarrantably received from Messrs 
James and Addison, auctioneers at Dominica, on or 
about the month of April 1802, the profits arising from 
the sale of flour and rice issued from the King's stores 
and stated by him, Major Gordon, to be the joint pro- 
perty of the late Lieutenant Mackay and himself. 

To these charges the Court returned a verdict of not guilty, adding : — 

The Court thinks that the Major has been very irre- 
gular in not keeping an account of the monies which he 
received on that account as well as of expenditure, which 
might have enabled him to have stated the same cor- 
rectly, instead of the vague distribution thereof given 
to the Court. 

The next charge had reference to the pay of the regiment, Gordon 
being charged with 

3. Having in the pay lists of the 8th West India 
Regiment, certified by him as commanding officer, signi- 
fied that the accounts of the men had been settled and 
paid to the 24th of December 1801, which accounts were 
transmitted to the War Office as just and true accounts : 
whereas two of the companies had been paid only to the 
24th of October and two to the 24th of November 1801. 

To this charge the Court returned the verdict not guilty, adding 

by way of rider :-- 

But the Court cannot forbear observing that there 
appears to have been culpable neglect in having suf- 
fered the certifying of the pay lists for the months of 



42 

October, November, and December 1801, to be procras- 
tinated until the 6th of April 1802, which circumstance 
Major Gordon admits and on the ground rests the truth 
of the certificates, which would not have been true in 
fact had the certificates been signed by him at the end 
of those respective periods. 

The last charge of all was perhaps the most unpleasant 
brought against Gordon, who was charged with 

4 Having received from the paymaster of the regi- 
ment at Barbados, and, injuriously and contrary to his 
duty, withheld different sums of money issued by the 
warrant of the Commander of the Forces in the West 
Indies as a compensation to the representations of the 
deceased officers for their losses, namely, the sum of 
£120 10s for the deceased Captain Cameron ; £138 10s 
for the deceased Lieutenant Mackay ; and £60 for the de- 
ceased Lieutenant Wasteneys, and having quitted the 
West Indies without accounting to the widow of the late 
Lieutenant Mackay [adjutant], as was his duty to 
have done, for the above sum of £139 10s allowed for 
her husband's losses ; and not having accounted for the 
above sum of money to the officers of the regiment, the 
War Office, the agent of the regiment, or to the repre- 
sentatives of the deceased officers. 
The Court acquitted Gordon on this charge, holding that it had not 
been established by evidence to the satisfaction of the Court : — 

It has, however, appeared to the Court that Major 
Gordon did receive the sums of money stated in the 
charge on account of the deceased officers therein 
named ; but he has shown that the monies so received 
were applicable towards the payment of the debtB of 
those respective officers, and that he has accounted to 
the relatives of Captain Cameron for the money received 
on his account, and has paid several sums of money on 
account of the other officers named in the charge, viz., 
Lieutenant Mackay and Lieutenant Wasteneys ; but al- 
though the Court does not consider the monies in ques- 
tion as coming under the description of the first article 
of the 19 th section of the Articles of War, 
Major Gordon appears to have been negligent, and 
to have subjected himself to censure in not having taken 
further measures in order to have accounted for the 
whole of the monies which he had (received on account 
of the two officers ; and the Court is of opinion that he 
should be called upon to render a satisfactory account 
to His Majesty's Secretary at War of the expenditure as 
well as of the balances now remaining in his hands. 

Gordon was placed on half-pay and never again employed. 
In due course he preferred charges against Johnstone, who was 
court-martialled at Chelsea, March 1805, and deprived of his rank 



43 

and government. Some extraordinary statements are made about 
him in "Public Characters" (vol. 10), and in A. Mackenrot's "Secret 
Memoirs of A. Cochrane Johnstone," 1814. Mackenrot remarks : — 

The accusation of his having caused a mutiny in one 
of the West India, i.e., black, regiments in garrison at 
Dominica, whom he wanted to work as field negroes on 
his own plantation, and of causing it to be fired upon 
by the soldiers of another corps, when the blacks refused 
to lay down their arms, is a circumstance perfectly re- 
concilable with the general atrocity of his character, aa 
besides instances of his dealings in human flesh and 
blood at St Christopher's, he and his brother are guilty 
of other malpractices, usurpations, and as Mr Brougham 
calls it, felonies against the persons of natives of Africa. 

After his retirement Gordon farmed Drumin, in Inveravon, 
just at the point where the Avon and Livet join, and near the 
ruins of the old castle of Drumin, the seat of the Barons of Strathaven 
(Stewart's " Lectures from the Mountains " 1860 : 1st series p. 101). 
On July 1799 he was admitted a member of the Highland Society, of 
which his brother Lewis was secretary. 

He married on November 29, 1807, Magdaline Cuming, Kirk- 
michael. This marriage is the subject of a big dossier at the Public 
Record Office in London for it was never registered, and when Mrs 
Gordon, " in indigent circumstances," came to apply to the War Office 
for a pension she had to put herself to a great deal of trouble to bring 
witnesses before the Commissary at Aberdeen (July 8, 1819) to show 
that she and her husband were habit and repute man and wife while 
residing in Upperkirkgate, Broadford, and Frederick Street, Aberdeen, 
while the Rev. William Grant, the parish minister of her native 
Kirkmichael, forwarded this very interesting note : — 

These certify that the late Major Gordon, of the 8th 
West India Regiment, and also his relict, Mrs Gordon, 
now residing at Tomintoul in this parish, were of the 
Roman Catholic persuasion ; and it has not been custo- 
mary here for some time past when both parties are of 
that persuasion, for them to be married by a clergyman 
of the Established Church, and consequently the regis^ 
tration of their marriages has been almost wholly neg- 
lected. Given at the Manse of Kirkmichael, the 18th day 
of August 1819. 

This letter satisfied the authorities, for the widow of Gordon who 
lived in Holburn Street, Aberdeen, in April 1819, was granted a 
pension of £70 from April 4, under a warrant dated November 13, 
1819. He had three children, who were all placed on the Com- 
passionate List on the recommendation of his brother Lewis, and the 
Duke of Gordon at £12 a year each, May 26, 1820. Mrs Gordon was 
living in Constitution Street, Aberdeen, in 1823, having probably 



44 

gone into the town to keep house for her brother-in-law Lewis, who 
also went to Aberdeen in that year. 

Major John Gordon's three children were : — 

1 John William Gordon, born and baptised in London, 
March 1805. On attaining the age of 18, he was struck 
off the pension list of 1823, but as a special favour, was 
granted £3 from December 25, 1822, to March 27, 1823. 

2. George Henry Gordon, born and baptised at Aberdeen, 
March 1809. He is apparently the George Henry Gor- 
don, '" Banffshire," who was at King's College, Aberdeen, 
in 1823. He was appointed hospital assistant in the 
army by commission, July 10, 1824, and was on half-pay 
September 14, 1829-July 1830. He was appointed staff- 
assistant surgeon, July 29, 1830 : and assistant surgeon 
16th Foot, October 12, 1830, embarking for Bengal on 
October 25. He arrived in England on sick leave from 
Bengal in May 1833 : was transferred from the 16th Regi- 
ment to the Staff, December 6, 1833. He took his M.D. 
at Glasgow University, and died at Tilbury Fort, Essex, 
on June 6, 1834 ("Gentleman's Magazine," vol. civ., part 
2, p. 443). 

3. Eliza Hellen Gordon, born and baptised in London 1807. 
She was living in Aberdeen in 1828. 



45 

THE GORDONS IN AUCHORACHAN. 

rpHE continuity of the Minmore Gordons in the lands of Min 
more has probably been maintained by the Gordons in Auch- 
orachan, who married into the family of Smith in Drumin. 

Auchorachan, which is in the parish of Inveravon, was apparently 
held by Harry Gordon, son of William Gordon I. in Minmore, for he 
is described in 1652 as '* in Auchorachan." A gap occurs in the history 
of the farm, but on February 23, 1745, John Gordon (died before 1767), 
son and heir of the famous Jacobite, John Gordon of Glenbucket 
(died 1750) had sasine on the lands of " Auchroachan" (Banff Sasines). 
This seems to have been the origin of the belief that the Gordon- 
Smith family is descended from the Glenbucket line. John's son, 
William, had sasine on December 8, 1767, on an annual rent of £400 
Scots, " to be taken partly of all and haill the half daugh lands of 
Auchroachan." 

Curiously enough, the next Gordon connected with Auchorachan 
is also a William, but, so far as is known, he was not connected with 
the Glenbucket family. In reference to this William, a very interest- 
ing document, written by James Glashan, writer in Keith, and 
subscribed at Auchorachan, August 9, 1790, before Patrick McKay, 
servant at Auchorachan, and the said James Glashan, was recorded at 
Elgin, July 2, 1793. It is one of those documents that does the 
heart of the genealogist good, so full is it of the detail for which he 
hungers. William died at Auchorachan, Sept. 8, 1790, aged 71. 

I, William Gordon of Bogfoutain at Auchorachan 
. . . am resolved to settle and destine my temporal 
matters in my own lifetime so as to obviate and prevent 
all disputes and controversies after my death respecting 
the succession thereto ; wherefore and for the love, favour 
and affection which I have and bear to William Gordon, 
my fourth lawful son, wit ye me to have granted and 
disponed . . . with the reservation of my own life- 
rent thereof and under the several other conditions and 
respective burdens specially after insert . . to and 
in favour of the said William Gordon, my fourth lawful 
son, all and whole my personal estate, means and for- 
tune of every kind . . ; as also to have made and con- 
stitute . . . the said William Gordon . . . to be 
my sole executor and universal intromitter . . but 
under the burden of . . the following provisions to 
my other children, viz., the sum of £300 sterling to John 
Gordon in Tomnavoulan, my eldest lawful son, to whom 
I hereby destine, legate and bequeath the same ; item 
the sum of £200 to Robert Gordon in Castletown, my 
second lawful son, to whom I legate . . the same and 
that over and above such sum or sums of money as he 
may be due and resting on me at the time of my death, 
and of which he is hereby acquitted and discharged : item 



46 

the sum of £300 to Alexander Gordon, my youngest law- 
ful son : item the sum of five shillings to Margaret Gor- 
don, my second lawful daughter, and Andrew Smith in 
Drumrnin, her husband . . item the sum of five shil- 
lings to Jean Gordon, my youngest lawful daughter, and 
William McAlister in London, her husband . . : and 
also to make payment annually as a yearly annuity to 
Elspeth Gordon, my eldest lawful daughter, the sum of 
one pound sterling : all which provisions ... I de- 
clare to be in full of all bairns part of gear, portion 
natural, etc., . . and further I legate and bequeath 
to Charles Gordon, my third lawful son, to assist him in 
giving education to his daughter the sum of £20 over and 
above the other engagements incumbent on me by the 
contract of marriage betwixt him and Helen Grant, his 
present spouse. . And declaring as it is here specially 
declared that in the event of the said John Gordon, my 
eldest son, giving or attempting to give the said William 
Gordon, my Disponee and Executor, any trouble respect- 
ing a subsett executed by me in his favour of this date 
foi" the remaining years yet to run of my principal saish 
or lease from the Duke of Gordon, the heritor upon the 
lands of Auchorachan and others therein specified, then 
and in that case I hereby peremptorily reduce and re- 
strict the foresaid sum of £300 so provided to him to the 
sum of 5s sterling money. [The special interest to ns 
of this extract is that it suggests a probable explanation 
of the rather puzzling fact that William Gordon left his 
daughter, Mrs Andrew Smith, only 5s. The threat in his 
will to reduce his eldest son's portion to the same amount 
makes it almost conclusive that for some reason she was 
out of favour, and had been practically cut off with the 
proverbial shilling ; possibly he was dissatisfied with her 
marriage. The next extract also throws an interesting 
light on past events.] £400 stg. contained in a bond 
granted by His Grace Alexander Duke of Gordon to the 
said William Gordon of Bogfoutain, dated 23rd March 
1773, payable 20th December 1774, with interest at 5 per 
cent., etc. [Two other bonds are mentioned ; one for 
£600, the other for £500 ; nlso £120 interest due. Alto- 
gether the Duke seems to have owed William Gordon at 
this time over £1400. These bonds were ''conveved by 
the said William Gordon to and in favour of William 
Gordon, his fourth lawful son."] Moreover, I hereby 
destine, bequeath and mortify .... to the 
poor of the parish of Aberlour, to be paid 
in at the sight of the minis- 
ter, to the treasurer of said parish of Aberlour within 
six months after my death the sum of £3 6s 8d stg.,ancl 
that besides one pound like money, and two bolls of oat- 
meal to be distributed among the poor of the parish of 
Inveravon above the Cragan and such other poor people 
as may attend at Auchorachan the day of my interment ; 



47 

and further I hereby burden the said William Gordon, 
my disponee and executor, with the payment annually 
to Helen Orel, my spouse, (1) of the sum of £3 sterling in 
terms of the contract of marriage betwixt her and me, 
and for the payment of one pound to purchase a mourn- 
ing gown for her. 

Helen Ord was Gordon's second wife — or at any rate the step-mother 
of his fourth son. The Knockando Register records that William 
Gordon, Inveravon, married Helen Ord, Knockando, April 23, 1775, 
William Gordon had a brother, Robert Gordon, in Glenrinnes. He 
himself had at least five sons and three daughters : — 

1. John Gordon in Tomnavoulin got £300 under his father's 
will. Light is thrown on him in a document, written by 
Mr Alexander Thomson, schoolmaster in Mortlach, and 
subscribed at Hardhaugh, March 1. 1792, before Robert 
Grant at Mains of Morange, and William Gordon in 
Lettoch, and recorded at Elgin, December 3, 1792: — 
"The parties following, viz. John Gordon in Tomna- 
voolan on the first part, Robert Gordon in Castletown 
on the second part, and Charles Gordon in Achorrachan 
on the third part — all children of the deceased William 
Gordon, some time in Achorrachan, and brothers ger- 
man of the also deceased Ensign William Gordon, last 
of Bogfouton, considering that by an agreement entered 
into betwixt them by a letter dated at Achorrachan the 
eighth day of December 1791, said agreement being en- 
tered into and proceeding upon the assertion of the said 
John Gordon in Tomnavoolan to be supported and 
proven by the evidence of Robert Stewart in Deskie and 
Gavin Stewart in Dounan, w T ho were said to be witnesses 
to a communing betwixt said John Gordon in Tomna- 
voolan and his deceased brother Ensign William Gor- 
don relative to the transaction about which this submis- 
sion is entered into : we, the said Robert and Charles, 
became bound to make payment to the said John Gordon 
in Tomnavoulin of the sum of £2C0 sterling at the term 
of Whitsunday, and that in proportion, to the different 
sums legated and bequeathed to us by the said deceased 
Ensign William Gordon, our brother, me the said John 

(1) Very little seems to be known about the wives of any of the 
Anohoracban Gordons. William Gordon appears to have had 
two — 'Margaret Stuart and Helen Ord. Both are mere names, a 
Some details have reached me of the wife of one of hie pone — ) 
Ensign William Gordon possibly, who, according to the late 
Colonel John Gordon Smith, married a Miss Farquharson from 
Glenconglaes. She •vme related to the Fa rquh arsons of Inver- 
cauld, and must have been one of the Farquharsons of Ach- , 
riachan, a small estate which was for about 200 years in pos- (■ 
session of ia branch of the Invereauld family. This lady got 
2 military pensions for the services of her husband. — I. G. R, 



48 

Gordon always bearing a proportion of the said sum of 
£200 offering to the sum legated and bequeathed to me 
by the said William Gordon, and the said parties being 
desirous to have the proportion falling to be paid by 
each of them according to their several legacies fixed 
and ascertained they . . submit and refer to William 
Grant in Tombreckachy and the Rev. George Gordon, 
minister of Mortlach, arbiters mutually chosen, and in 
case they differ in opinion to Lieut. Thomas Stewart in 
Pittyvaich, oversman hereby appointed. . . ." The 
arbiters by decreet dated April 30, 1792, appointed 
Robert to pay £47 12s 6d, and Charles £142 17s 6d, the 
balance (£9 10s) being John's proportion. John died on 
July 6, 1831, aged 92 (stonp in Mortlach Churchyard). 
His widow, "Margaret Gordon," died July 13, 1844, in 
her 78th year. He had: — 

(1) William Gordon : mentioned in his uncle William's 
will. His " second cousin," the Rev. J. F. S. 
Gordon (2) in his edition of Lachlan Shaw's "Moray," 
says of him (i., 150): "He had no great sympathy 
with modern ideas of advance. For fifty years the 
whole steading was of the most primitive makeshift 
caste. ' Tamoul,' as he was called from his farm, in 
his garb was equally unadorned, the same tattered 
rags having done duty for years. However, on high 
occasions he appeared bon-ton. While most pen- 
urious, when an auld acquaintance paid him a visit 
at the roadside farm house (if such it could be desig- 
nated), Tamoul was kind and hospitable, setting 
down bread and cheese and a bottle of real Glenlivet. 
He held the appointment of collector of seat rents 
of the Roman Catholic chaoel at Tombae, and was 
proud of the original mode in which he kept the roll, 
somewhat puzzling to all but the patentee. The con- 

(2) Rev. James Frederick Skinner Gordon, D.D., deserves a 
word of ivo'ti"e here. He was Rector of St Andrews Episcopal 
Church, Glasgow, from 1844 to 1891, and appears to have been 
horn at Keith and educated at St Andrews and Edinburgh. I 
have failed to discover whose son he was. As he himself says 
in hi.i edition of Lachlan Shaw's '* Moray," that he was/ William 
Gordon, Tomnavoulin's second cousin, pr-esuimably he was a 
grandson of William Gordon of Auchorachan find Bogfoutain. 
He wix>te several books, the best known of which are " The Ec- 
clesiastical •Chronicle for .Scotland" and "The Chronicles of 
Keith." He appears to have been something of a bibliophile, 
and it is rather pathetic to find him writing with reference to 
a fire in November 1881, which ourned part of his church — 

" My antiquarian library in the vestry (my idol) was in 
half an hour demolished." 

If Glenlivet was aware of Dr Gordon's existence, we never 
heard of him from anyone there : rather an interesting com- 
mentary on the gaps in the history of his family, — I. G. R, 



49 

tributions were classified in three separate divisions 
— ' Good,' ' Bad,' and ' Indifferent.' He was a rigid 
dunner and often persuaded the delinquents with 
foot and tongue." He died on January 30, 1875, 
aged 84, the Auchorachan family becoming extinct 
in him. "The popular mind of the district magnified 
his ample means into an immense hoard, which at 
his death amounted to about £7000." 
(2) Helen Gordon, married Alexander Anderson, officer 
of Excise. She died March 3, 1810, aged 23, leaving 
three children (stone in Mortlach Churchyard): — 
i. John Anderson, baptised July 28, 1806 (Rothes 

Register), 
ii. Alexander Anderson, baptised April 11, 1803 

(ibid.), 
iii. Margaret Anderson, baptised February 25, 1810 
(ibid.). 
2. Robert Gordon in Castletown. He got £300 under his 
father's will. He married, and had a son : — 

(1) John Gordon. He appears in a deed, written by 
John Marshall, advocate in Aberdeen, and subscribed 
at Aberdeen, October 26, 1791, and recorded at Elgin, 
December 21, 1791: — "Know all men by these pre- 
sents me William Gordon, fourth lawful son to the 
deceast William Gordon of Bogfouton, heritable pro- 
prietor of the subject after disponed, for the favour 
and affection I bear to John Gordon, only lawful son 
to Robert Gordon in Castletown, and in considera- 
tion of the confidence I repose in the Rev. Mr George 
Gordon, minister of the gospel at Mortlach, and 
Robert Mitchell at Parkmore to have disponed . . 
. . to and in favour of the said Mr George Gordon 
and Robert Mitchell, or either of them ... all 
and whole the town and lands of Bogfouton lying in 
the county of Aberdeen as described in the writs and 
title deeds thereof. . . for the use and behoof of 
the said John Gordon, his heirs and assignees, and 
for other piu*poses mentioned, but providing that the 
said John Gordon himself shall not be entitled to 
enter to possession or management of the same until 
he arrive at the age of 21 years complete, at which 
time my said trustees are to denude themselves of 
this trust . . and the said subject I hereby burden 
with the payment of the sum of £2 stg. yearly to 
Helen Ord, my stepmother, in terms of her contract 
of marriage, and £1 sterling yearly to Elspet Gordon, 
my sister, conform to my father's settlement, ordain- 
ing my said trustees . . to bestow the whole yearly 
rents of the premises towards the maintenance and 
education of the said John Gordon after payment of 
the above sums . . . excepting the sum of £14 
sterling annually, which sum . . they are to ac- 
cumulate until the majority of the said John Gordon, 
when it is to be paid to him." 



50 

(2) Jean Gordon. 

(3) Margaret Gordon. These girls are mentioned in 
their uncle William's will. 

Charles Gordon in Achbreck. He figures in a deed, 
written by John Marshall, advocate in Aberdeen, 
and subscribed at Aberdeen, October 26, 1791 : and re- 
corded at Elgin, December 21, 1791: — "Know all men 
by these presents me William Gordon, fourth lawful son 
to the deceast William Gordon of Bogfouton, whereas 
the said William Gordon, my father, by his subtack and 
assignation, dated August 9 last, subset and let to me, 
my heirs and sub-tenants all and whole the town and lands 
of Auchorachan, comprehending these parts called Chap- 
pelchrist, Tamachform and others of whatever denomina- 
tion . . lying within the lordship of Glenlivat, parish 
of Inveraven . . and whereas I am resolved to settle 
and dispose of the said tack and farm in the event of my 
dying before the expiry of the term of years of said tack, 
therefore to have assigned ... to and in favour of 
Charles Gordon in Achbreck, my brother german, all 
and whole the said town and lands of Auchorachan with 
the privileges and pertinents contained in the subtack 
and assignation." He married Helen Grant, and had: — ■ 
A daughter (unmarried), who got £20 for her education 
under her grandfather's will. 

William Gordon. He seems to have been his father's 
favourite, and is described as " Ensign." He died be- 
tween October 1791 and 1792. He made his will in 1791. 
It was written by John Marshall, advocate in Aberdeen, 
and subscribed at Aberdeen, October 26. 1791, and re- 
corded ab Elgin, December 21. 1791: — "Know all men 
by these presents me William Gordon, fourth lawful son 
to the deceast William Gordon of Bogfouton, consider- 
ing that it is proper for every person so to arrange his 
affairs as to prevent disputes among relations in case of 
sudden death, and being at present in a bad state of 
health but sound in mind, memory and judgement, to 
have made as I hereby make my last will and testament, 
viz., I nominate . . . the Rev. George Gordon, min- 
ister of the gospel at Mortlach, to be my sole executor 
. . . for the purposes aftermentioned, viz., I ordain 
my said executor . . to pay my just and lawful debts 
and funeral expenses and to retain for his own trouble 
the sum of £50, and thereafter to pay the following lega- 
cies . . viz., to John Gordon, my eldest brother, the 
sum of £40 sterling . . to William Gordon, son to the 
said John Gordon, the sum of £60, on his attaining the 
age of 21 years . . to Robert Gordon in Castletown, 
my second brother, the sum of £200, to each of Jean and 
Margaret Gordon, daughters of the said Robert Gordon, 
the sum of £150 . . to Alexander Gordon, my young- 
est brother, the sum of £10 ; to the poor of the parish 



51 

of Inveraven the sum of £5 ; and the whole residue . . 
to Charles Gordon, my brother, burdened with the pay- 
ment of £2 10s to each of Robert Gordon in Glenrinnes, 
my uncle, and Elspet Gordon, my sister yearly." 

5. Alexander Gordon: benefited under his father's and his 
brother William's will. 

6. Elspeth Gordon : got an annuity of £1 from her father. 

7. Margaret Gordon : married Andrew Smith of Drumin, 
and gob five shillings under her father's will. Her son 
George founded the famous distillery at Minmore. 

8. Elspeth Gordon : married William McAlaster, London, 
and got an annuity of £1 under her father's will. 




52 

THE GORDON SMITH FAMILY. 

rpHIS family wa=,- founded by Andrew Smith, farmer, Upper 
Druniin, who married in 1776 Margaret Gordon. Auchorachan, 
daughter of William Gordon of Bogfputain. The origin of Andrew 
Smith does not transpire (3). 

Andrew Smith and his wife had five sons and two daughters. 
1 William Smith, born 1777 : married in 1806 Christina 
Grant, daughter of John Grant of Mid-Bellandie, after- 
wards of Lynbeg, a small farm, and Isobel Macdonald. 
•Her brother, Captain William Grant, 92nd Gordon High- 
landers, fought at Waterloo. She was a first cousin of 
Mrs George Smith of Minmore. He had: — 

(1) Charles Smith, born 1807 : married Mary Turner, 
and had : — 

i. George Smith, 
ii. Helen Smith. 

iii. Isabella Smith : married Robert Mackay, far- 
mer. 

(2) James Smith, born 1809. 

(3) Isobel Smith, born 1811 : married in 1830 the Rev. 
Patrick Grant, son of George Grant, writer, Edin- 
burgh, and Christian Mclnroy, Edradour, Pitlochry. 
She apparently belonged to the same family as the 
Mclnroy's of Lude, Blair Atholl, who &r<* saiH to be 
a branch of the Robertsons of Struan. They had: — 

i. Francis William Grant, born June 20, 1832 : died 
in infancy. 

(3). My cousin, Colonel John Gordon Smith of Minmore, told 
me about a year before bis death that he traced the Smiths 
back to an armourer who lived about the middle of the 14th 
o?ntury. Owing to his occupation, the family came to be called 
" Go'.v," though their real name was Macintosh or Macphereon, 
more probably the fanner. He added that their crest had el- 
wajvs been the same as .the well-known Macintosh and Mao- 
pherson crest: a cat rampant, and the motto, "Touch not the 
cat bot the glove." Later the Gow was anglicised into Smith. 
They owned land in Glenrinnes, which they lost through neg- 
lecting to perform some obligation ('probably feudal) connected 
with its tenure. After this, being less prosperous, Andrew 
Smith and his brother went down to Glenlivet and took the 
farms of Corshellachie and Mullochard. The name of And.'ow 
Smith's wife appears to have been Helen Grant, as the following 
extract from the Parish Register almost certainly refers to thom 
— " 13th May 1737 — Margaret, daughter of Andrew Smith and 
Helen Grant, Corshellachie, baptised." His son Andrew was 
born at Corshellachie on 31st May 1742, but the date on which 
the latter moved to Upper Druniin is not recorded. — I. G. R. 



53 

ii. George Grant, M.B. He entered the Indian 
army in 1859, and retired as brigade-surgeon, 
October 30. 1885. He married in 1874 Amy 
Florence Hathaway, eldest daughter of Dr Chas. 
Hathaway and Mary Cecilia Barlow, daughter of 
Major Barlow, 9th Lancers and 10th Queen's. Dr 
Hathaway traced his descent from Anne Hatha- 
way, Shakspeare's wife. He was the first Sani- 
tary Commissioner of the Punjab, and Inspector- 
General of Prisons : afterwards Private Secretary 
to Lord Lawrence, Governor-General of India. 
Brigade Surgeon Grant has :— (&**■ OU-Z"* «jn) 

(i) George Patrick Grant, born September 22, 

sjT /""/V* 7T ~^-\1876. He entered the army as 2nd lieutenant 

0><<o*Vc( f : (J<<r**JZ Ctn*.- > m tne Border Regiment, and joined the ln- 

U^cf u^cylt^. CU. /dian army on August 27, 1901. He took 

/ o • jpart in the attack and capture of Nodiz Fort, 

i lAt^t $ij/<i^^"~ ie****vri Mekran, 1901, and was twice severely woun- 

^ / /(ecsLlu**. fZcAlesJx-\de<}. He was awarded the D.8.O. He i< at 



/ rrcL '/ Present (1909) Deputv-Assistant Adjutant- (eUual&A-^ 

~Yrt.ll- J'O. ^ ih ^G cn eral Mhow, Central Provinces, India./^,^^^/ ' 
^juM^jfo Ir**"*- He married, on December 4, 1909, Gladys^ , „ J 

Q Constanca Maud, only daughter of Macdon-/ ?Vi ^' CW, W 

aid Beaumont of Hylands, Epsom, solicitor, \Ue>c<s Jow~ \ 
Lincoln's Inn, Jvon don/ A f2cJ*-vdL,Pt*<*\ 

(ii) Charles William Grant: entered the Indian \M.ec^ Hi- "f/6 
Civil Service in 1902, and is (1909) acing \ 
magistrate and collector, Lalitpur, Jhansi, United 
Provinces. #-e H*.o**-itcC su. ?i~wt /P? /<jf/S^ &UeL. 
(iii) Isabella Kathleen Grant : married Captain 
Arthur Wilson Chitty. Indian army, 1904, and 
has : — 

a. Arthur Grant Chitty, born 1908. 

b. Isabella Mary Amy Chitty, born 1905. 
iv. William Grant, C.E., born March 5, 1841 : died 

October 28, 1894. 
iii. Christina Grant, 
v. Isobel Jane Grant: married 1867 John Grant 

Robertson Bengal Civil Service, who died Dec. 

1873, and has : — 

(i) John Herbert Robertson : entered the In- 
dian Civil Service 1889. and is (1909) magis- 
trate and collector of Kurnool, Madras Pre- 
sidency. He married in 1894 Helen Rowena 
Simpson, daughter of Rev. James Harvey 
Simpson, late rectirof Little Common. Bexhill, 
and Prebendary of Chichester. She is 
descended on her mother's side from the 
Keiths of Dunnottar, Kails Matischal, and 
one of her ancestors was Nicholas Roh-p 
(1674-1718), dratnaMst and poet-laureafp. He 
has : — 




/ <\UuS£, /sruajZ #y^wv Q/x^^i 



54 



k'JUL 



\ec*+tJ2- 



ICUA-- I- 



a. John Keith Grant Robertson, born Ausr. 
>JL7 1895>. 

bTlTaraTsh Gordon Grant Robertson, born 
March 16, 1905. 

c. Jessica Macinroy Grant Robertson, born 
April 3, 1897. £>. y. 0- 

^■Jf>%Lm>-tf/*> . ~~~y-^ r Jv) Charles Grant Robertson, .Fellow of All 

/n«xw^. if?- C lAcju^&X. Mt^riU. Souls College, Oxford, and senior tutor in 
SA^& f^dru. rU* history Magdalen College, Oxford. 

s (i n) I sabella Grant Robertsony^artist. 
^ImithTborn 1812^ 



\CULe,. /if.. >J<* 




4) Helen Hmifch, born 1812 : married William Gardner, 
Edinburgh, said to be descended from Colonel James 
Gardiner (1688-1745), who was mortally wounded at 
PifRtonpans, and is commemorated in the "Lite" by 
Doddridge. They had: — 

i. William Gardner: went to Sydney, New South 
Wales, in 1888 : married there 1905, Ada Taylor, 
widow (nee t 'awthorne), with one daughter, aged 
7, Greta Taylor; has: — 

Isabella Helen Grant Gardner, born January 
1906. 

ii. Helen Gardner : married Captain Fraser, army 
retired, and went to New Zealand with her hus- 
band. She ceased to write home, and all trace 
of her has been lost. 

iii. Christina Gardner : died June 1872. 

2. John Smith, born 1782. 

3. Charles Smith, 1789, known as " Camdalmore " : he mar- 
ried, and had issue, all of whom migrated to Canada. 

4. George Smith, born at Upper Drumin, 1792 : educated 
at Burnside of Deskie. He began his remarkable career 
as a builder and architect, and about 1817 became tenant 
of part of the farm of Upper Drumin. In 1824 he built a 
legal distillery on the farm, much to the disgust of his 
neighbours, who carried on the business of smuggling. 
He was so successful that the distillery had to be ex- 
tended four times. In 1837, he took the farm of * astle- 
ton of Blairfindy, in 1838 the farm of Nevie, which is 
within a mile of Upper Drumin : and in 1839 the fine 
farm of Minmore, with which the Gordons had been 
associated so long. In 1850 he took Delnabo above Tom- 
intoul, and carried on a distillery which was upon the 
farm, known as Cairngorm In 1858 he united his distil- 
leries by building a large one at Minmore. In the 
course of his career as a farmer he reclaimed 300 acres, 
and left his son with more than 800 acres of arable land 
and some 10,000 to 12,000 acres of hill pasture. He was 
famous as a breeder of Highland cattle and shorthorns. 
A very handsome presentation of silver plate was made 
to him by an influential body of subscribers in the county 



55 

in recognition of his ability and public spirit. 
He married in 1817 Ellen, daughter of Lieut. Stewart, 
1st Royals, who fell at Aboukir while serving under Sir 
Ralph Abercromby, and died November 1871. An ex- 
cellent account of him appeai'ed in the "Elgin Courant," 
December 1, 1871. He was buried in Tombae Catholic 
Churchyard, December 2. He had two sons and a 
daughter : — 

(1) William Smith, born 1817. He farmed Nevie, and 
died unmarried in 1846. 

(2) John Gordon Smith, born at Upper Drumin, June 

22, 1822 : educated at Blairs College, Aberdeen. He 
began his career in the Caledonian Bank, Elgin, and 
then entered the office of John Shand, W.S., Edin- 
burgh, staying there until 1846, when the death of his 
brother brought him home to farm Nevie and assist 
his father. A few years later his father took him 
into partnership in the distillery, the firm becoming 
G. and J. G. Smith. He took the keenest intei'est in 
farming, and established a fine herd of polled cattle 
at: Minmore (dispersed in 1891), and later a herd of 
shorthorns. He joined the 6th Volunteer Battalion 
of the Gordon Highlanders at its inception on April 
10, 1867, and rose to Lieut.-Colonel, retiring on Dec. 

23, lc91. He bought the estate of Delnabo from the 
Countess of Seafield in 1891, and the estate of Auch- 
intoul (long associated with a branch of the Gordon 
family) from the Duke of Fife in 1899. He also took 
a prominent part in the life of the county. His por- 
trait, painted by Horsburgh, was presented to him 
by the Regiment, as a mark of esteem and in recog- 
nition of his services. He died unmarried at Delna- 
bo, September 1901, being buried at Tombae. 

(3) Margaret Smith (1820-1880): married William 
Grant, Ruthven. She had : — 

i. George Smith Grant, AnHiorachan (now also of 
Minmore and owner of the Glenlivet Distillery). 
1867 he joined the 6th Volunteer Battalion Gor- 
don Highlanders, and gradually rose to he 
colonel. On the 17th of August 1909, he was 
presented with his portrait, " in recognition of 
his personal work and public service. The pre- 
sentation was made bv the Duke of Richmond 
and Gordon, on behalf of many subscribers. The 
portrait, which represents Colonel Smith Grant 
in his uniform as a deputy-lieutenant of the 
county, is a striking likeness. It was painted by 
the well-known Scottish artist, J. H. Lorimer. 
He married in 1891, Miriam Hill. Stalybridge, 
Manchester. She is the daughter of Henry 
Cheetham Hill (by his wife, Elizabeth Mellor), 











whose father, James Hill, married Mary Cheet- 
ham. The Mellors and the Cheethams are Lan- 
cashire families, cotton spinners. The (1909) 
Member for Stalybridge, Mr John Frederick 
Oheetham, is a second cousin of Mr Henry 
Cheetham Hill. Both Mr J. F. Cheetham and 
his father had long Parliamentary careers. One 
of the Mellors, the late Thomas Mellor, repre- 
sented Ashton-under-Lyne for many years. Mrs 
fcmiith Grant received a beautiful silver salver 
at the same time (August 17, 1909) and from the 
same friends as presented Colonel (Smith with his 
portrait, which was reproduced on a small scale in , 
the Christmas issue of the " Northern Scot," JilginJ n<M^.*"^ 
1909. Colonel Smith Grantjias : — /fj^ SmiyL.- s^ ^ Jk*L^ &<u*J» 
""(i) J^mn~Trordon~Smith Cheetham,Grant,(borri\ fas*j*^ $>y* 

ft.. Jh. J-, k.UUcL LnjUvuM (u) George Gordon Hill^rant, born 1894 -J died) ^^^ /ty^, 

1894. ,- • , /'"'__. — *<*c-i • 

(iii) William Henry^Gran^born 1896.]^2*tL^£l^*^ 
(iv) Ellen Stuart MiriamXlrant, born 1897. 

. Isabella Margaret Grant : married Dr Robert 
Macpherson, Stalybridge, Manchester : born in 
Inveravon, Dec. 27, 1847 : died Feb. 11, 1895. He 
had :— 

(i.) James Macpherson, born Nov. 29, 1874, M.P., 

CM., Aberdeen, 1895: married Margaret hlaton : 

died Dec 23. 1907, and had :— 
Margaret Macpherson, who died in infancy. 
(ii.) John Gordon Smith Macpherson born August 

23, 1876, M.B., CM.. Aberdeen, 1898. SxiA **1 5W*~ 

CM. 
(iii) George Macpherson engineer: at present 

(1909) in British Columbia. (?*fiJk^- J^^m^JL^L 
(iv) Robert William Macpherson, M.B., Ch.B. 
aldock, HertSy %+t*> te^-Jl*.^ a^u^ <R. a. lu.Q- 

(v) Margaret Isabella Macpherson. 
(vi.) Alexina Ann Macpherson : married April 
1907, George Chalmers, M.B., CM., 
D.P.H., Beeston, Notts, and has: — 

Isabella Margaret Chalmers, born May 1, 
1909. 
. Ellen Stuart Grant: married Dr Abater 
Cameron, " The Falls," Glenlivet, who died 1902 : 
now Mrs Gordon Smith Cameron of Delnabo and 
Auchintoul, also of Ravensdale Corpach, Inver- 
ness-shire. 




77 



•?Myj-*-tte-«»o 



5. Andrew Gordon Smith: farmed Turielan 
had issue. 



married and 



57 

6. Gordon Smith : went to America. (4) 

7. Helen Gordon Smith, born 1780. 

8. Margaret Gordon Smith, born 1785 : died young. 

(4) This entry is from my brother's notebook. It is practically 
all I have heard of Gordon Smith since the days of my child- 
hood, when I used to pause in dressing my dolls to listen to the 
anecdotes of his wit which my father and mother were both 
fond of recalling'. My father seemed particularly to delight in 
these recollections of him, and I gathered the impression that 
" Gordon " invariably kept whatever company he was in in ut6 
of laugih'ter. Another impression that remains is that he was 
in the Gordon Highlanders at one time, but as I was only a 
child, I may have confused him in this connection with some 
other Gordon relative of my mother's. — I. G. B. 



!<J 



58 



SOME OF THE PLACES IN THIS BOOK 



Aberdeen, 


... 16,19,43,55. 


Inchnacape, 


19. 


Abergeldie, 


.. 7, 11, 12. 


Inverey, 


12. 


Achbreck,... 


.. 50. 






Ardbreck,... 


.. 10. 


Kirdels, 


10. 


Argathnie, 


.. 10. 


Knockespock,. 


7. 


Auchinharroch, . 


.. 11. 






Auchintoul, 


.. 55, 57. 


Laichie, 


11-12. 


Auchorachan, 


.. 12, 45-51, 52. 


Lettoch, 


8, 13, 17, 29. 


Auchroachan, 


.. 45. 


Lynbeg, 


52. 


Badeglassan, 


.. 14. 


Minmore, 


7-44, 52, 54. 


Banff, 


.. 17, 29. 






Bellandie, ... 


... 52. 


Nevie, 


12, 15, 55. 


Blairfindy, 


.. 9, 12, 54. 






Bogfoutain, 


.. 45-9, 52. 


Parkbeg, 


13. 






Pitchaise, 


10, 14. 


Camdalmore, 


. 54. 






Castletown, 


.. 45, 47, 49, 55. 


Refroish, 


14. 


Delnabo 


.. 9, 54, 57. 


Scalan, 


19. 


Dominica,... 


.. 32-34. 






Drimnin, ... 


.. 7, 24, 27, 28. 


Tombae, 


17, 25, 31, 55. 


Drumin, 


. 8, 43, 46, 52. 


Tombreakachie, . 


12, 14. 


Dufftown, 


.. 31. 


Tomnamind,. ... 


12. 


Dunan, 


. 9, 13, 14, 15. 


Tomnan, 


12. 


Dunans, ... 


.. 25. 


Tomnavouiin, ... 


46. 






Tullochallum, ... 


19, 28. 


Glenbucket, 


. 45. 






Glenmuick, 


. 9. 


Weste une, .-- 


10, 20. 



Imprinted by 

Joseph Dunbar 

at Hunt';/, N.B. 









THE GORDONS AND SMITHS 

AT MINMORE, AUCHORACHAN, AND 
UPPER . DRUMIN IN GLENLIVET. 



JOHN MALCOLM BULLOCH 



PRIVATELY PRINTED 
1910